Zahak Castle, which was registered in the list of national monuments of Iran under No. 429 in 1966, is one of the vast castles of ancient times. Zahak Castle is located 16 km southeast of Hashtrood city and East Azarbaijan province on top of the Sermeh mountain range.
East Azarbaijan province
From the twentieth century onwards, the local dress of Azerbaijan has lost its use in the cities and has taken on a state of modernity, but generally in nomadic and rural areas and in the areas inhabited by Azerbaijanis, it has retained its function as before.
Azerbaijan region is one of the most sensitive and important regions of the country due to its special geographical location. East Azerbaijan province is one of the most important and populous provinces of Iran, which is located in the northwest corner of the country. The area of this province is 45491 square kilometers, which covers about 2.8% of the total area of the country. In terms of natural location, this province is located at the confluence of Alborz and Zagros mountains, in other words, in the Alborz and Azerbaijan zones and in the northwest corner of the Iranian plateau. In general, East Azerbaijan is a mountainous region which about 40% of its surface is covered by mountains. Among the famous mountainous areas of the region, we can name Sabalan volcanic massif in the east and Sahand in the west and southwest and Qarehdagh mountain range in the north and Takht-e Soleiman and Arbat mountain ranges in the south and Bozghoosh heights in the southeast and Qushadagh in the northeast of the province.
In the handicrafts section, we can mention the exquisite and unique handmade carpets and carpet tableau of Tabriz masters. Azerbaijan carpet weaving, and especially the city of Tabriz, has long played a major role in creating exquisite carpets. The artistic history of these people dates back to the Median era. Carpet design in this region has a long history and there have been great designers in this region who have provided valuable services to Iranian carpets by creating precious and valuable works.
Tomb of Sheikh Shahab Al-din Ahari, Maragheh Gonbad-e Sorkh, Babak Castle, Arasbaran Forests, Marand Grand Mosque, St. Stephanos Church, Ruined Mill, Tomb of Sheikh Mahmoud Shabestari, Sharafkhaneh Port (Lake Urmia), Mehr Temple, Esco Gardens, Kandovan Rocky Village, Sahand Ski slope, Ghori Gol Wetland, Bostan Abad Spa, Zahak Castle, Agh Bolaq Cave, Blue Mosque, Yaniq Goli and Zolbin Goli Wetlands, Qara Baba Bostanabad Hill, Tork Miyaneh Stone Mosque, Jamalabad Miyaneh Caravanserai, Dokhtar Miyaneh Bridge, Sarab Grand Mosque, Nomadic Museum, Bozqush Peak, Monastery of Saint Thaddeus, Razliq inscription are some of the attractions of this province.
The people of this region have simple and intimate rituals and customs, one of these customs is takam gardani, or in other words,boz cherani ( goat-farming). It is an official ceremony in which the arrival of spring is announced, a puppet-maker in a local costume shows a cotton doll goat and accompanies people as spring approaches and Nowruz is knocking the door. Khanatekani, Bayram Paei, Qabakhlama, Khancheh, Chaharshanbeh Soori, etc. are other customs of the Azerbaijani people. Women's clothing has all the features of a full cover. The younger ones wore bright and cheerful colors, with beautiful embroideries and patterns, as well as cashmere and silk. The women of this region wear a hat called "Borook". Older women often wear headbands called "yailiq". Sar poosh (a kind of Cap), Charghad (floral scarves), headbands, shirts and slits are among the local women's clothing in East Azerbaijan.
Maragheh Gonbad-e Sorkh (Red Dome) is one of the oldest tombs of the Seljuk period, located southwest of the city of Maragheh in the province of East Azerbaijan. This building was built in 1147 by the order of Abdul Aziz-ibne Mahmud-ibne Saeed, the governor of Azerbaijan in the Seljuk period and by Bani Bakr Muhammad bin Bandan bin Mohsen, one of the famous architects of that era.
One of the historical and magnificent mosques of Iran is Kaboud (blue) Mosque, Kaboud Mosque (Goy Machid in Azerbaijani) or Jahanshah Mosque is one of the historical mosques of Tabriz related to the time of Qaraquyunlu rule in the ninth century AH.
St. Tataeus Church or Qarah Church is located in 20 km northeast of Chaldoran city next to a village with the same name and is one of the churches registered in the UNESCO World Heritage List.
St. Stephen's Church is one of the Armenian churches in Iran, which is located in the heart of a hill overlooking the Aras River near the northwestern border of Iran. The Church of St. Stephen, called the "Holy Space", can therefore be martyred in Christianity.
Babak Castle, located in the city of Kaleybar, East Azerbaijan Province, is one of the most famous Iranian castles and historical attractions, which is an ideal place for history lovers.