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Jameh Mosque of Naein in Isfahan

Naein Mosque is one of the oldest mosques in Iran and its architecture belongs to the early Islamic centuries. This mosque is one of the few early mosques of Shabestani that has been less changed and has somehow preserved its original form so far.

There are different opinions about the exact time of construction of the original building of Naein Mosque in Isfahan. But most scholars have attributed it to Umar ibn Abdul Aziz, the eighth caliph. It is believed that the model of construction of this mosque was the Prophet's Mosque. Scholars consider the altar of this mosque to be an original and beautiful example of the art of altar making in the Abbasid period. The altar is located on the south side of the mosque and is beautifully decorated with the art of plastering. A beautiful wooden pulpit has been obtained from the mosque, which is decorated with the art of woodcarving. This pulpit is about 5 meters high and verses from the Quran are written in Thulut. In addition to the verses of the Qur'an, the name of the benefactor, the artist and the date of its construction (1311) is on the pulpit inscription. Nain Mosque, also known as Khajeh Mosque, was registered in 1931 by the Cultural Heritage Organization with the number 144 in the list of national monuments of Iran. This mosque, which is located in the historical context of Naein city, is one of the most significant and interesting attractions of Isfahan province. The architecture of the Naein Grand Mosque is very important and valuable because it is one of the oldest mosques in Iran.

Architecture of the Naein Grand Mosque

The plan of Nain Grand Mosque is square in shape and has a relatively small central yard and six entrances. Porches and naves with short columns and crescent arches surround the central courtyard of the mosque. The main entrance of the mosque is located on the northeast side of the courtyard of the mosque. The mosque had four naves, of which three naves have more depth and one nave has less depth. The construction of building of the nave with less depth is probably related to later periods. The large nave built under the courtyard has columns of natural clay. Its lighting is also provided by ceiling skylights. This nave was mostly used in summer. The buildings on the north side of the mosque, which consist of small porches, are built a short distance from the floor of the courtyard. One of the important elements of the mosque's architecture is its columns. These columns are made in different shapes of square, cylindrical, polygonal, etc.
The architectural facade of the Naein Grand Mosque is covered with bricks and its piers are simple and beautiful, which are elegantly decorated with Islamic motifs. All the entrances, ceilings of the openings and the altar of Nain Mosque are of great architectural value and are unique in their kind. The main building materials of the mosque are brick and plaster. Brickwork and bedding are among the prominent decorations, which have been used in this building in a very beautiful way. Experts consider the construction of this mosque to be similar to the Jorjir Mosque in Isfahan province in terms of decorations. The mosque has an octagonal minaret with a height of 28 meters, which is different in appearance from the minarets of the Seljuk period. This brick minaret has given a very beautiful effect to Nain city.

 

Tags: Isfahan province, Isfahan's attractions, Jameh Mosque of Naein in Isfahan

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