Zaman Khan bridge is located in Saman city, 22 km north of Shahrekord, the capital of Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari province.
Chaharmahal and bakhtiari province
Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari province with an area of nearly 16,533 square kilometers is located in the Zagros Mountains and adjacent to the provinces of Isfahan, Khuzestan, Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad. It has a population of over one million people. The existence of two fertile sources of life in this province, namely Karun and Zabandehrud rivers, have turned a large territory of the province into summer areas with eye-catching nature.
Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari province with an area of nearly 16,533 square kilometers is located in the Zagros Mountains and adjacent to the provinces of Isfahan, Khuzestan, Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad has a population of over one million people. In the country, the province is divided into 7 cities of Shahrekord, Borujen, Lordegan, Farsan, Ardal, Koohrang and Kiar, the center of which is Shahrekord with a height of about 2060 meters above sea level on the roof of the Iranian plateau. The distinctive feature of the province is its pristine and beautiful nature, which includes wetlands, lofty peaks always covered with snow, watery springs, forest and green areas, historical buildings, etc., which make the province an area with tourist attractions and unique values
One of the customs of the people of Shahrekord is the cheragh baran ritual. Every year, at the time of New Year, the natives of this city come with an oil lamp or a candle to one of the two shrines of Halimeh and Hakimeh Khatoon and ask Sadat present among the people to light their candle or lamp to congratulate the beginning of the year. Ashkenoon sweets ceremony is another custom of Shahrekord which is held by the bride and groom's family after accepting the engagement. In this ceremony, which sometimes lasts even a few days, women celebrate with handkerchiefs and men with sticks, and at the end of the ceremony, a wedding sermon is given. In Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari province, various dances are performed during celebrations and festivals, the most famous of which are wedding dance, Dastmal (handkerchief ) dance, Aram dance, and sculpture dance. Chogha or Chokha is the nomadic men'S cloth which is sewn from fleece and has white and black colors. This plan is said to have been taken from the Choghaznabil ziggurat, and some people believe that its origin is the tomb of Cyrus the Achaemenid. This top has short sleeves and its height reaches below the knees. Its weaving technique is like a kilim. Due to its density, this material partially prevents the infiltration of rainwater.
Whey, cranberries, honey, high-quality turmeric, medicinal plants, plants and a kind of handmade carpet called Bibi Baf, which is very valuable, are the famous souvenirs of Shahrekord. Kilim, jajim and felt hat are also considered as important handicrafts of Shahrekord. Bakhtiari local dress is a style of comfortable and beautiful clothing that is unique in its kind. Bakhtiari women wear colorful clothes at weddings, during migration, daily life and various rituals. This dress has fabrics, stitching, ornaments and ornaments of Illyrian women have a significant variety and have multiple functions.
One of the most important various pilgrimage, historical, tourism and natural attractions of this province is the holy shrine of several Imams, such as; Hazrat Imamzadeh Halimeh Khatoon and Hakimeh Khatoon (AS), Hazrat Imamzadeh Seyyed Bahauddin Mohammad (AS) Sheikh Shaban, and Hazrat Imamzadeh Seyyed Mohammad (AS) Bardeh, etc. The beautiful scene of Zayandeh rud River, Sardar Asaad Bakhtiari Palace, attractive Karun River, Archaeological and Anthropological Museums, Chaleshtar Historical Castle, Chaleshtar Azadeh House, Dezak Castle, Zaman Khan Bridge, Fritillaries Plain, Choghakhor International Wetland, Gandoman Wetland, Koohrang Tunnel Waterfall, Sheikh Alikhan Waterfall, Darreh Eshgh waterfall, Atashgah waterfall, Chama ice cave, Sarab cave, Koohrang spring, Dimeh spring, Baram spring, etc. can be named as attractions for this province.
Koohrang Fritillaries plain with an area of about 3600 hectares is located near the city of Chelgard in Koohrang city in the northwest of Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari province. The Fritillaries, which is called "Gol-e Begrio" in the native dialect, is from the order of lilies.
Chaleshtor Castle, which is a magnificent structure in terms of architecture and sculptural art in Iran, is located five kilometers west of Shahr-e kord. The castle is a combination of Qajar and European architecture.
Choghakhor lagoon is located in the eastern part of Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari province in Borujen city. This wetland with an area of 2300 km is located at an altitude of 2100 meters in the Central Zagros and at the hillside of Mount Kelar.
The palace of Sardar Asaad Bakhtiari, also known as the historic castle of Junqan, is located in the city of Junqan in Farsan city in Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari province. The castle was built in the late Qajar period by Sardar Asaad Bakhtiari, at the summer residence of his father Hossein Qoli Khan Bakhtiari. He was one of the educated heads of Bakhtiari constitutionalists and the commander of the victors of Tehran during the constitutional revolution in Iran. It is said that Sardar Asaad built this palace with the aim of establishing trade agreements with Britain, as well as the supervision of Bakhtiari houses on the implementation of these agreements and the planning and decision-making of the Constitutional Revolution.
Sardar Asaad Bakhtiari Palace which was built based on European style was registered in national sites list in 1977.
Architecture of Junqan historical castle
Junqan historical castle which was influence by European castle was built in two floors. The upper floor, also known as the royal residence, has a porch with stone columns on three sides: north, south and east. In each of the north, south and east porches, there are six double columns. These columns are decorated with carvings of geometric patterns and multi-colored flowers. The western side of the porch also has no columns and is a uniform wall with simple brickwork.Inside the building of Sardar Asaad Bakhtiari palace, plaster and mirror decorations have been used and its gable roof has been covered with wooden boards. The wooden doors of the building are also decorated with mosaics and metalwork with beautiful designs. The basement was built at a depth of one meter from the floor and was probably used by servants. The decoration of the rooms on this floor is limited to simple plastering on the ceiling.It is said that the courtyard of this palace was more extensive in the past and there were large gardens around it which were destroyed due to changes and constructions around it. Now, from the historical castle of Junqan, a beautiful portico, a large swimming pool and a building with a luxurious emperor remain. This building is one of the prominent attractions of Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari province. Those of you who are interested can visit this attraction by participating in group tours of Persian trips Tourism group.
Koohrang spring or the source of Koohrang, which is the source of two rivers Karun and Zayandehrud, is located in Koohrang city. This spring, which originates from the foothills of Zardkooh mountain range,