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Providing specialized services for Iran tourism since 2009

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Persian Trips (Alborz-e man tour and travel agency) has started working in the field of Iran tourism since 2009. During this period it has been able to define tourism programs in all provinces of Iran and run many tours in these routes.

Routes were defined in various topics including historical-cultural, mountaineering, desert hiking, canyoning, camping, valley camping, bird and wildlife watching, off-road driving, nomadism, and more than 200 various tour packages. During12 months of the year, many tours are performed throughout the vast territory of Iran.

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Iran tourist attractions

In this section, you can see the tourist attractions of Iran based on the division of provinces.


 

The ancient land of Alborz, whose long-standing rituals, traditions and customs have always shown the immortality and deep-rooted power of its culture, has thousands of mysteries that are more visible and audible for researchers, tourists and eager travelers who want to know. Due to the migrating capacity of this province, it has an ethnic composition, each of which speaks its own language or dialect. Most of Turks live in Nazarabad and Karaj, Tatars in Eshtehard, Taleghan and Asara, and some Kurds, Lors, Arabs, Mazandaranis and Gilakis are scattered all over the province. Since different dialects and languages are spoken in this area, this province is called Little Iran.Alborz province has fertile soil and a good climate, which is why it produces high quality agricultural products. In Taleghan, walnuts, apples, pears, rhubarb, thyme, leeks, barberry and apples are harvested.
Geography
Alborz province is the 31st province of Iran with its beautiful nature and long history. With the approval of the members of the Islamic Consultative Assembly in 2010, the cities of Karaj, Taleghan, Savojbolagh, Nazarabad, Eshtehard and Fardis were officially formed. In this plan, Karaj was considered as the center of the province. The name of this new province is taken from the Alborz mountains, an important part of which passes through the north of this province. The name Alborz comes from "har" meaning mountain and "Borz" meaning high.
Customs 
The people of Alborz province have many old and traditional customs. Nowruz Khani (recitation), Khaneh Tekani (cleaning the house before Nowruz), cooking samano and visiting the graves are among the customs of the days approaching Nowruz. Shawl Andazi was one of the customs of Yalda night in Taleghan. Cooking Ashe poshte pa (kind of pottage that is cooked when some body goes to a long trip specially to military service) and Ashe baran (cooking pottage for rain) are other examples of customs in this province. One of the most popular dishes served in Karaj is halim with mutton. Yuan Ash, bean dish, Taleghan lentil stew, etc. are other local dishes of Alborz people.
Handicrafts
Travelers returning from Barghan buy souvenirs of the famous Barghan plum or greengage, honey, berries, walnuts, yogurt, milk and local dairy products. There are many shops on Chalous Road that sell local dairy products, honey and cranberries. Jujube, azalea, elm, persimmon and grapes are also abundant in Alborz province. Carpet weaving, reinforced concrete sculpture, pottery, needlework, masonry, glassmaking and woodcarving are among the handicrafts of Alborz province.
Tourism attraction
Gachsar Tulip Garden, Eshtehard colorful mountains, Eshtehard rocky houses Chalouso Road, its villages and waterfalls, Tappe Uzbek (hill), Taleghan villages and waterfalls, Soleymaniyeh Palace, Kordan Tower, Meydanak Tower, Remains of Takht Rostam Stone Fire Temple, Astanak City Palace, Gachsar Stone Tower, Eshtehard river and salt lake, Samsam Castle,Vakil Castle, Mesbah Bath, Eshtehard rocky houses, Heljerd Bath, Shahrestanak village, Chalous road, Shah Abbasi Bridge, Dokhtar Bridge, Shah Abbasi Caravanserai, Yakh Morad Cave, Amirkabir Dam and Lake, etc. are among the attractions of this province.
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Tehran has been an immigrant city for many years. Persians, Azaris, Mazanis, Kurds, Gilakis and other ethnicities from all over the country make up the population of Tehran. In the past, the people of Tehran had their own dialect, which is known as the Tehrani dialect, and over time, the use of this dialect has diminished. Tehrani dialect is one of the dialects of Persian language that does not have a different word and its difference is in grammar.
Geography
Tehran province with an area of about 18814 square kilometers is bordered by Mazandaran province in the north, by Qom province in the south, by Markazi province in the southwest, by Alborz province in the west and by Semnan province in the east. This province consists of the cities of Tehran, Shahriyar, Islamshahr, Rey, Pakdasht, Damavand, Shemiran, Varamin and Firoozkooh.
Tourism attraction
Golestan Palace, Saadabad Palace, Niavaran Palace, Masoudieh Mansion, Moghaddam House, Abgine Museum, Iran national museum, Cheshme Ali in Shahr-e Rey, Ferdows Garden Mansion, Imamzadeh Saleh Shrine, Naghareh Khaneh tower in Shahr-e Rey, Tange Vashi (Strait), Nature Bridge, Old Town, Numerous Historic Houses, Milad Tower, ziba Park, Introduction of Tehran Abgineh (Glassware and ceramic) museum,luxury shopping centers, etc. are among the tourist attractions of this province. In addition to its natural and historical attractions, Tehran has been able to attract the attention of many tourists with its food. Among the most important foods of Tehran province, we can mention Eshkeneh Spinach, Dami Balghur Baro, Dampakhtak, and Ash Shole Ghalam .
Handicraft
Among the handicrafts of Tehran, we can mention patent leather weaving, Rudozi, Jajim weaving, etc. patent leather weaving is an art that is a combination of carpet and kilim weaving and is used as a rug. Embroidery is an art in which beading is done on fabric using bead needles, which, of course, is rarely seen today. Jajim weaving is one of the arts that the nomads practiced in Firoozkooh and they made high quality jajimas from sheep 's wool. The art of printing on fabric is called batik printing, which used natural patterns and colors such as turmeric, ronak and pomegranate on the fabric, which was once common in Tehran.
Customs 
Celebrations are an important part of the customs and culture of every people. In the past, the people in Tehran used to celebrate and have fun on different days. Chahar shanbe souri (the last Wednesday of the year), the night of Alafa, sizda be dar (the 13th day of Farvardin, the first month of the year), Panjak, etc. are among the celebrations that were performed in this province. Naghali Khani (a kind of storytelling, usually Persian myths) was popular. A person with a pleasant voice, with his special cane and the stool he used to create patterns, entertained people in old coffee shops. One of the narrative features is the detailed descriptions of the incident and the events of the story.

West Azerbaijan province with 43,660 km (including the area of Urmia Lake ) is located in the northwest of our country "Iran". Majority of the province's inhabitants are Turks, who usually live in the central, north and southeast plains of Vakrad in the high, western and southern parts of the province. A small number of Christian, Armenian, Assyrian and Zoroastrian minorities live in West Azerbaijan. The majority of the people in the province speak Azeri Turkish. Kurdish. Armenian and Assyrian are other common languages in West Azerbaijan.
Geography
West Azerbaijan province with 43,660 km (including the area of Lake Urmia) and in the northwest of our country "Iran" which is bordered by three countries of Azerbaijan, Turkey and Iraq from the north and east and by Kurdistan province in the south and by Zanjan province in southwest and by Azerbaijan province in the east. Its center is the beautiful city of Urmia. West Azerbaijan province has 17 cities, 36 districts, 36 counties, 109 villages and 3728 small villages and its center is the historical city of Urmia. This province, including Lake Urmia, has an area of 43.660 square kilometers. This province is located in northwestern Iran and forms 2.25 percent of the total area.
Customs 
The diversity of ethnicities and religions has led to the variety of the customs in West Azerbaijan. The people of this province celebrate Chaharshanbe Souri (the last Wednesday of the year) in a very glorious way. This day, especially in the villages, has special traditions, among which we can mention shawl Andazi. In this ceremony, young people go to the roofs of acquaintances' houses and hang handkerchiefs from the window. The house owner fills the napkin with nuts and fruits and prays for the young. Another tradition is Tafal zani on this day, in which the women stand in the far corners, put a key under their feet and start fortune-telling for the people who pass by. Urmia has a famous street food called Yeralma Kebab, which can be found in various stalls and shops. This dish is prepared with baked potatoes, boiled eggs and local vegetables.
Handicrafts
West Azerbaijan has a variety of souvenirs. Carrot and walnut halva are the most famous souvenirs of the province, especially Urmia. Bastakh or Luzanak is another famous pastry in the city that is prepared on the basis of starch. The honey and sunflower seeds of this region are also of high quality and are known as souvenirs. Different types of distillates, especially pussy willow and Dracocephalum, are well known. Carpet and kilim weaving is common in most cities of West Azerbaijan and is one of the famous handicrafts of this city. Woodcarving and wooden statue making are also among the handicrafts of this province. Ruduzi (an art similar to needlework but made of silk threads), traditional printing and pottery are also known as part of the arts and handicrafts of this province.
Tourism attraction
Extensive fertile mountains, high mountains, mild and healthy weather, watery rivers, fertile vineyards, orchards full of various fruits, lush pastures and forests, plains and valleys full of wild flowers and azure lake made this place one of the most beautiful and pleasant regions of Iran. West Azerbaijan is the second most water-rich province of the country. There are 23 permanent and seasonal rivers in West Azarbaijan province, the most important of which are Simineh River, Zarrineh River, Vogdar Chai, Mahabad River, Baranduz Chai, Shahrchai Urmia, Zola Chai Vazab Kuchak, etc.

From the twentieth century onwards, the local dress of Azerbaijan has lost its use in the cities and has taken on a state of modernity, but generally in nomadic and rural areas and in the areas inhabited by Azerbaijanis, it has retained its function as before.
Geography
Azerbaijan region is one of the most sensitive and important regions of the country due to its special geographical location. East Azerbaijan province is one of the most important and populous provinces of Iran, which is located in the northwest corner of the country. The area of this province is 45491 square kilometers, which covers about 2.8% of the total area of the country. In terms of natural location, this province is located at the confluence of Alborz and Zagros mountains, in other words, in the Alborz and Azerbaijan zones and in the northwest corner of the Iranian plateau. In general, East Azerbaijan is a mountainous region which about 40% of its surface is covered by mountains. Among the famous mountainous areas of the region, we can name Sabalan volcanic massif in the east and Sahand in the west and southwest and Qarehdagh mountain range in the north and Takht-e Soleiman and Arbat mountain ranges in the south and Bozghoosh heights in the southeast and Qushadagh in the northeast of the province.
Handicrafts
In the handicrafts section, we can mention the exquisite and unique handmade carpets and carpet tableau of Tabriz masters. Azerbaijan carpet weaving, and especially the city of Tabriz, has long played a major role in creating exquisite carpets. The artistic history of these people dates back to the Median era. Carpet design in this region has a long history and there have been great designers in this region who have provided valuable services to Iranian carpets by creating precious and valuable works.
Tourism attraction
Tomb of Sheikh Shahab Al-din Ahari, Maragheh Gonbad-e Sorkh, Babak Castle, Arasbaran Forests, Marand Grand Mosque, St. Stephanos Church, Ruined Mill, Tomb of Sheikh Mahmoud Shabestari, Sharafkhaneh Port (Lake Urmia), Mehr Temple, Esco Gardens, Kandovan Rocky Village, Sahand Ski slope, Ghori Gol Wetland, Bostan Abad Spa, Zahak Castle, Agh Bolaq Cave, Blue Mosque, Yaniq Goli and Zolbin Goli Wetlands, Qara Baba Bostanabad Hill, Tork Miyaneh Stone Mosque, Jamalabad Miyaneh Caravanserai, Dokhtar Miyaneh Bridge, Sarab Grand Mosque, Nomadic Museum, Bozqush Peak, Monastery of Saint Thaddeus, Razliq inscription are some of the attractions of this province.
Customs
The people of this region have simple and intimate rituals and customs, one of these customs is takam gardani, or in other words,boz cherani ( goat-farming). It is an official ceremony in which the arrival of spring is announced, a puppet-maker in a local costume shows a cotton doll goat and accompanies people as spring approaches and Nowruz is knocking the door. Khanatekani, Bayram Paei, Qabakhlama, Khancheh, Chaharshanbeh Soori, etc. are other customs of the Azerbaijani people. Women's clothing has all the features of a full cover. The younger ones wore bright and cheerful colors, with beautiful embroideries and patterns, as well as cashmere and silk. The women of this region wear a hat called "Borook". Older women often wear headbands called "yailiq". Sar poosh (a kind of Cap), Charghad (floral scarves), headbands, shirts and slits are among the local women's clothing in East Azerbaijan.

Ardabil province with a population of 1,270,000 people in 2016 census was ranked 16th in the country in terms of population and with an area of 17,953 square kilometers is located in northwestern Iran and accounts for about 09.1% of the total area of the country. The common mother tongue of the people of the region is Azeri Turkish. Of course, the residents of some villages of Namin and Khalkhal city speak in the dialect of Tat and Talesh.
Geography
This province is bordered by the Republic of Azerbaijan, East Azerbaijan Province in the west, by Zanjan Province in the south and by Gilan Province in the east, and the five cities of this province share about 369 km of borders with the Republic of Azerbaijan. Ardabil province has 11 cities named Ardabil, Aslandooz, Bilesvar, Sarein, Meshginshahr, Nyr, Garmi, Parsabad, Kowsar, Khalkhal and Namin and its center is Ardabil city. This province is known as the summer of Iran in terms of having a suitable climate and very unique capacities in the historical, natural and cultural fields. Tourism is considered as one of the most important reasons for development of Ardabil province. The World Collection of Sheikh Safiuddin Ardabili is one of the 19 UNESCO World-known Heritage Sites located in Ardabil.
Customs 
The use of local and traditional clothes is no longer common in many parts of Iran, including Ardabil province, but nomadic tribes and villagers in some parts of the province, such as Moghan and Arasbaran still use local clothes. The costumes of the Shahsoon nomads of Ardabil are the last remnants of the local indigenous clothing of this province.
Handicrafts
Ardabil handicrafts include wood mosaic, pottery, wood inlay, semi-precious stone cutting, painting, frame weaving, varnish weaving, kilim weaving, gilding, needlework, jajim weaving, wooden volumes, local clothes (traditional clothes), Carpentry, porcelain knitting, silver making, leather handicrafts, traditional construction, carpet design, traditional ornaments, glass cutting, engraving, stone engraving, wood lattice, mosaic tile, batik printing, fabric painting, sculpture, construction Pottery volumes, painting on glass, fuel on wood, seven-color tiles, plastering, laundry, painting on leather, embroidery, engraving, carving, copper-plating, knife-making, saddlery, sawmill, dyeing, embroidery, tapestry. Honey and black halva are among the most famous souvenirs of this province. Other souvenirs in the region include dairy products such as buttermilk, butter, yogurt, cheese, etc.
Tourism attraction
Ardabil province is full of valuable historical monuments, natural sights and people's homes with original and rich culture, Shirvan Darreh Si, which is one of the reasons for its popularity among travelers and tourists. Tomb of Sheikh Safi Al-Din Ardabili, Shurabil Ardabil Lake, Noor Lake in 48 km southeast of Ardabil, Ardabil Old Bazaar, Yeri city in Ardabil, Meshginshahr old Bridge, Meshginshahr Castle, Alvarez Sarein ski resort, which is the largest ski resort in Iran, Fandoghlu forest in Namin,Fandoghlu forest grass skiing, Shabil Spa and Atoglu Lake Shirvan Valley in Meshginshahr, Khalkhal Paradise Nature, Tomb of Seyed Amin al-Din Jabrail in Ardabil, Tomb of Sheikh Heydar in Meshginshahr, Holy Mary Church of Ardabil, Ardabil Anthropology Museum, Ardabil Grand Mosque, Ardabil, Sabalan Meshginshahr and Sarein spa complexes such as Sabalan Sarein water treatment complex and the stone village of Vind Kalkhoran Sarein are among these sights.

Architectural works from different periods of Isfahan's history are among the most unique places in the world. Valuable architectural works that have been left from different periods of Isfahan's history are among the highest and most unique places in the world. On the one hand, the mystery of the eternal glory of Isfahan's culture and civilization should be sought in the historical background and the creation of amazing works of architecture and urban planning, each of which shines like a lantern in the history passage of this region. On the other hand, such a rise in permanence should be attributed to the favorable historical, climatic and cultural situation of the vast region of Isfahan province, which is located in the center of the city. Isfahan province is limited to Markazi, Qom and Semnan provinces from the north, Fars, Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad provinces from the south, Yazd and Khorasan provinces from the east and Lorestan and Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari provinces from the west. Imam Square of Isfahan (Naghsh-e Jahan), Imam Mosque, Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque, Aali Qapu Mansion and Isfahan Jame Mosque are the most known places in Isfahan.
Geography
Isfahan province with an area of 107045 square kilometers (equivalent to 57.6% of the country) in the central part of Iran is located in a fertile and blessed plain and in short it can be said that most of its cities and villages are the result of the Zayandehrud River.
Tourist attraction
Isfahan Jame Mosque, Imam Square of Isfahan (Naghsh Jahan), Imam Mosque, Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque, Abyaneh village, Aali Qapo Mansion,  Tohid Khaneh Mansion, Borujerdiha historical house, Teymouri Hall, Chehelston Palace, Chaharbagh School, Si O Se Pol Bridge, Khajoo Bridge, Monar Janban, Sialk hill tourism attraction, Vank Cathedral,  Semirom Waterfall, Bazaar - Pigeon Towers, Baths, Gardens, Tombs, Museums, Kashan Fin garden, Bird Garden, Qadir Garden, Flower Garden, Sefeh Mountain and etc.
Handicrafts
In Isfahan province, 178 fields have been registered in terms of handicraft production and more than 60 fields are being produced and presented to the market (the first place in the country). Handicrafts of Isfahan province include inlay making, enameling, fileting, crocheting-gilding - embroidery - tapestry -felting - leather embroidery, silver making, engraving, ceramic tiles, carpet weaving, etc.
Customs
The customs of the people of Isfahan, like other regions of Iran, are special and varied. Among the customs of the people of Isfahan, we can mention Golabgiri ceremonies (rose picking), the night of Esfand, the kindling of fire and Cheleh Bozorg, Cheleh Kouchak, Chaharshanbeh Soori and Eid-e-Norouz. Golabgiri has been part of the customs of the people of Isfahan, especially the people of Kashan for a long time.

This province is almost one of the forested provinces of Iran. Before the reign of Reza Shah, this area was called Poshtkuh (behind the mountains). During the reign of this king, according to the canon of Ministers and in order to commemorate the greatness and glory of the ancient Elamite civilization, the name of Hosseinabad village was changed to Ilam and this village was chosen as the capital city of Ilam province on September 1935. Ilam has ten cities: Abdanan, Ilam, Ivan, Badreh, Darhshahr, Dehloran, Chardavol, Malekshahi, Mehran and Sirvan.
Geography
Ilam province is one of the provinces of Iran, which is located in the west of this country in mountainous and semi-warm areas with an area of 20133 square kilometers. The capital of this province is Ilam city. Ilam province is bordered Iraq by west, Khuzestan province by south, Lorestan province by east and Kermanshah province by north. According to the statistical center of Iran, the population of 563898 people was recorded for this province in 2009.
Customs
The people who lived in this land, like other neighboring areas, had a strong culture and their own traditional rituals, which were sometimes borrowed from their neighbors and localized. Chamar traditional custom, is one of these local customs that some people believe that first entered Ilam from Lorestan and was localized. Chamar is set up to honor and glorify the pious, brave and religious people.
Handicrafts
The local cuisine and handicrafts of this province, which are the work of men and women of this region, have been famous from the past until now. The handicrafts of this province are suitable for all tastes and attract tourists. Ilam kilim with ancient fame, Ilam chif weaving and quilt are the most important handicrafts of Ilam province. The common traditional and indigenous foods of Ilam province are foods such as Tarehkoohi stew, Kashkineh, Torkhineh, rice and famous meat of Dehloran, etc. These are just a few of delicious and nutritious foods of this beautiful and lovely land.
Tourism attraction
Ilam province with its unique and very spectacular natural resources attracts the attention of many tourists. The attractions of this province are both historical and natural. Despite its small size, this province has a lot of capacities and potentials in the tourism field that every tourist wants to experience. Vali Ilam Castle, Malekshahi Assyrian inscription (Golgol), Gonbad Cemetery, Siahgel Ivan Fire Temple, Falahati Palace of Ilam, Takht Khan Ilam Inscription, Shirin and Farhad Ivan arch, Ilam Gavmishan Bridge, Ilam Museum of Natural History, Sirvan Historic City, Sirvan Shamshe Strait, Ilam Vali Mosque, Chenar Ilam Cemetery, Gavmishan Bridge, Ilam dam lake, Seymareh Historical City, Zamzam lagoon (located in 74 km east of Ilam) are some of the famous sights of the province.

Bushehr, having Bushehr port in the center, is bordered by Persian Gulf, and in terms of area, it is the seventeenth province in Iran. This province consists of 10 counties, 24 sections, 46 villages, 37 cities and 910 small villages. Bushehr, Tangestan, Jam, Dashtestan, Dashti, Deir, Deylam, Asaluyeh, Kangan, and Genaveh are Bushehr province counties. This province has Khuzestan and Kohgiluye and Boyer Ahmad to the north, Fars province to the east, Persian Gulf to the south and west, and Hormozgan to the south-east. The area of Bushehr province is about 27,653 square kilometers.
Geography
This province consists of two plain parts in the western coast and the mountains of the southern Zagros in the east. The heights of Bushehr province, which is a continuation of the Zagros, are called Gachtorsh. The heights in the southern areas approach the sea, which are known as the Nokand Heights. Khormuj Mountain with a height of 1860, is the highest peak of Bushehr province in Dashti city.
Customs
Celebrations and customs of the people of Bushehr province are divided into national, religious and local celebrations. some great religious celebrations of the people of Bushehr include: Celebrating the birth of Hazrat Fatemeh (PBUH), Celebrating the birth of Hazrat Mohammad (PBUH), Celebrating the middle of Sha'ban, Celebrating the birth of Hazrat Ali (AS) and ceremonies related to the beginning of the holy month of Ramadan and fasting customs and other common religious celebrations Like Ghorban and Ghadir and the celebration of Besat and also the celebration of the birth of other infallible Imams (AS) are other important religious celebrations in Bushehr province. Eid-e Fetr is popular among the people of Bushehr province as the Eid- e morde ha (Eid for Dead ) or the Eid-e talkhak (Eid of Bitter). Because on the day of Eid-e fetr, those who have lost some one hold a ceremony called Fatehe Khani, and people go to visit them to offer their condolences.
Handicrafts
Ababafi (cloak weaving), Gargour bafi, Gabbeh bafi, boat building, fish and shrimp, dates and ardeh are some of the famous handicrafts and souvenirs of this province. One of the most famous local food of Bushehr is all kinds of Qeliyeh (fricassee). Qeliyeh is originally an Arabic word meaning a kind of food prepared with meat. There are various types of Qeliyeh. The women of this province wear a long shirt with a black cloak, a thin black mask, a thin scarf, chit pants and a kind of sandals known as Kush. The official shirt of the women of Bushehr is a loose-fitting dress called the Arabic shirt, and very beautiful and interesting decorations have been used in sewing this shirt. Bushehr women often go out with local chador.
The long white shirt called "Dashdasheh" is one of the common men's clothes in Bushehr province. Older men use a type of scarf (cashmere shawl) by which the man is identified as an old man. The men of Bushehr wear a cloak called “Dagle” and usually a white short-sleeved underwear. They also wear colored sweatshirts and wear them on their waist pants, which is known as Langoote.
Tourism attraction
Ghocharak hot spring in Delvar city, Niayeshgah Mand at a distance of 30 km from Khormuj, Hele protected area at a distance of 10 km northeast of Bushehr port, Pardis jam mountain, Shaghab cemetery in south of Bushehr city, Rais Ali Delvari House and Museum, Goor Dokhtar in Tang Eram Dashtestan city, Cyrus Dashtestan palace in Borazjan city, Historical palace of Nasouri in Siraf, Siraf Cemetery and Archaeological Site in Siraf Port, Jashk salt dome between Dashti and Deir cities, Imam Hasan Basri mosque, Bushehr Persian Gulf Maritime Museum, Siraf Historical cemetery, Bushehr Amiriyeh Mansion are some of the sights of Bushehr province.

Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari province with an area of nearly 16,533 square kilometers is located in the Zagros Mountains and adjacent to the provinces of Isfahan, Khuzestan, Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad. It has a population of over one million people. The existence of two fertile sources of life in this province, namely Karun and Zabandehrud rivers, have turned a large territory of the province into summer areas with eye-catching nature.
Geography
Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari province with an area of nearly 16,533 square kilometers is located in the Zagros Mountains and adjacent to the provinces of Isfahan, Khuzestan, Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad has a population of over one million people. In the country, the province is divided into 7 cities of Shahrekord, Borujen, Lordegan, Farsan, Ardal, Koohrang and Kiar, the center of which is Shahrekord with a height of about 2060 meters above sea level on the roof of the Iranian plateau. The distinctive feature of the province is its pristine and beautiful nature, which includes wetlands, lofty peaks always covered with snow, watery springs, forest and green areas, historical buildings, etc., which make the province an area with tourist attractions and unique values
Customs 
One of the customs of the people of Shahrekord is the cheragh baran ritual. Every year, at the time of New Year, the natives of this city come with an oil lamp or a candle to one of the two shrines of Halimeh and Hakimeh Khatoon and ask Sadat present among the people to light their candle or lamp to congratulate the beginning of the year. Ashkenoon sweets ceremony is another custom of Shahrekord which is held by the bride and groom's family after accepting the engagement. In this ceremony, which sometimes lasts even a few days, women celebrate with handkerchiefs and men with sticks, and at the end of the ceremony, a wedding sermon is given. In Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari province, various dances are performed during celebrations and festivals, the most famous of which are wedding dance, Dastmal (handkerchief ) dance, Aram dance, and sculpture dance. Chogha or Chokha is the nomadic men'S cloth which is sewn from fleece and has white and black colors. This plan is said to have been taken from the Choghaznabil ziggurat, and some people believe that its origin is the tomb of Cyrus the Achaemenid. This top has short sleeves and its height reaches below the knees. Its weaving technique is like a kilim. Due to its density, this material partially prevents the infiltration of rainwater.
Handicrafts
Whey, cranberries, honey, high-quality turmeric, medicinal plants, plants and a kind of handmade carpet called Bibi Baf, which is very valuable, are the famous souvenirs of Shahrekord. Kilim, jajim and felt hat are also considered as important handicrafts of Shahrekord. Bakhtiari local dress is a style of comfortable and beautiful clothing that is unique in its kind. Bakhtiari women wear colorful clothes at weddings, during migration, daily life and various rituals. This dress has fabrics, stitching, ornaments and ornaments of Illyrian women have a significant variety and have multiple functions.
Tourism attraction
One of the most important various pilgrimage, historical, tourism and natural attractions of this province is the holy shrine of several Imams, such as; Hazrat Imamzadeh Halimeh Khatoon and Hakimeh Khatoon (AS), Hazrat Imamzadeh Seyyed Bahauddin Mohammad (AS) Sheikh Shaban, and Hazrat Imamzadeh Seyyed Mohammad (AS) Bardeh, etc. The beautiful scene of Zayandeh rud River, Sardar Asaad Bakhtiari Palace, attractive Karun River, Archaeological and Anthropological Museums, Chaleshtar Historical Castle, Chaleshtar Azadeh House, Dezak Castle, Zaman Khan Bridge, Fritillaries Plain, Choghakhor International Wetland, Gandoman Wetland, Koohrang Tunnel Waterfall, Sheikh Alikhan Waterfall, Darreh Eshgh waterfall, Atashgah waterfall, Chama ice cave, Sarab cave, Koohrang spring, Dimeh spring, Baram spring, etc. can be named as attractions for this province.

Khorasan province was formed in 1983, with the approval of the Islamic Consultative Assembly, with the presence of 4 cities isolated from Greater Khorasan. At present, this province has 11 counties, 28 cities, 25 districts, 61 villages and 3555 small villages. The cities of this province are: Birjand, Ghayenat, Tabas, Ferdows, Nehbandan, Sarayan, Sarbisheh, Darmian, Boshrouyeh, Khusf and Zirkuh.
Geography
South Khorasan Province (Land of Red Gold) with an area of 150,800 square kilometers and a variety of climates is located in the east of the country. Having Birjand as the center, this province is bordered by Khorasan Razavi in the north, by Afghanistan in the east (with a length of 331 km), by Yazd, Isfahan and Semnan in the west, and by Kerman and Sistan and Baluchestan in the South. Khorasan province was formed in 1983, with the approval of the Islamic Consultative Assembly, with the presence of 4 cities isolated from Greater Khorasan. At present, this province has 11 counties, 28 cities, 25 districts, 61 villages and 3555 small villages. The cities of this province are: Birjand, Ghayenat, Tabas, Ferdows, Nehbandan, Sarayan, Sarbisheh, Darmian, Boshrouyeh, Khusf and Zirkuh.
Customs
Geographical conditions, lifestyles and political, economic and religious conditions of the people affect the local clothing of each region. Traditional clothes are the most obvious cultural symbol, the most characteristic sign of national belief and the easiest means of transmitting the culture of the people of South Khorasan. Among the various customs that can be seen in this province, we can mention the detailed Yalda night (the longest night of the year) ceremony, which is accompanied by various delicacies. One of the dishes that is prepared in Yalda night is "Kaf"; a type of sweet that is made from a plant root called chubak (or Bikh in the local language). Another ceremony of the people of this province on the night of Yalda, in which gifts are given to the newlyweds by the groom's family.
Handicrafts
Saffron is the most important souvenir of South Khorasan province, which is mostly cultivated in Qaen city. Barberry, plum and jujube are other souvenirs of this province. Pomegranate is another souvenir of the province that is mostly cultivated in Ferdows city. Barak weaving, wicker weaving, towel weaving and carpet weaving are among the famous handicrafts of this province. Tasting the local food of each region can be considered a must for any trip. Whey and eggplant is a very tasty food whose main ingredient is whey, but it is different from whey and eggplant cooked in other cities. Oatmeal is another delicious food in this province. Various Eshkeneh are also prepared in South Khorasan province, among which we can mention the Eshkeneh of milk, lentils and candy (sweet). Turnip pottage is another local food of this province.
Tourism attraction
Visiting the sights of each land is undoubtedly one of the most memorable part of the trip. South Khorasan is also a historical land and has a lot to say with its historical and ancient sites. Forg historical castle in Birjand, Baladeh Ferdows aqueductPordeli Historical House in Birjand, Kal Jangal inscription in Khusf, Forutani historical house, Hendelevan Darmian Jame Mosque, Ibn Hesam Khusafi Tomb in Khusf, Golshan Tabas Garden, Birjand Valley Dam, Omarshah Birjand Dam, Ferdows Mineral Spa, Makhunik village, Chenesht Sarbisheh Village, Kharashad Village, Birjand, Khonik Ghaen Cave, Shokatabad Garden , Shokatiyeh Birjand School, Elmiyeh School in Ferdows, Birjand pavilion, Birjand Pergola Citadel, Akbariyeh Birjand Mansion Garden, Birjand Heroic Heritage Museum, Bouzar Jamhar Ghaeni Tomb in Ghaen, Shokat-Abad Garden, Mostofi Historical House in Boshrouyeh, Boshrouyeh Mills, Neghandan Windmills, British Consulate in Birjand and Karimo village in Sarayan are the most spectacular tourist destinations in South Khorasan.

Razavi Khorasan is one of the provinces of Khorasan in northeast of Iran. In 2004, according to the approval of the Islamic Consultative Assembly ,Khorasan Province was divided into three separate provinces and Khorasan Razavi Province was established with Mashhad as its center. The cities of Mashhad, Neishabour, Sabzevar, Torbat Heydariyeh, Quchan and Kashmar are important cities of the province. In general, Khorasan Razavi includes 28 cities, 70 districts and 164 villages. Binalood peak with a height of 3615 meters is the highest point of the province and Sarakhs plain with a height of 299 meters is the lowest point of the province. Mashhadi pot yoghurt, Mashhadi shole, shishlik kebab, changali, Reshte polo (rice and stew), sateir polo, etc. are among the famous dishes of this province.
Geography
This province is bordered byTurkmenistan in the north, by Afghanistan in the east, by Noerth Khorasan, Semnan and Yazd in the west and northwest, by South Khorasan and Yazd in south and southwest. This province with an area of 118,854 square kilometers covers 7% of the total area of Iran. Mountainous areas cover 49.2% of the province and plains 50.8% of it. This province consists of four catchments of Atrak, Qarahqom, Central Desert and Eastern Iran.
Customs 
Traditional music and dances are among the rituals of Khorasan, which also has a great variety. The people of Mashhad hold various religious mourning ceremonies with special customs. On the 28th and last days of Safar (the death of the Prophet and the martyrdom of Imam Reza), the mourning delegations of Mashhad city mourn in the streets around the shrine and finally go to Imam Reza Holy shrine. There are different tribes in Razavi Khorasan, which is why Khorasanian clothing is varied. In general, the clothing of this region can be divided into the following sections:
• Kurdish clothing living in Khorasan
• Clothing in border areas such as Torbat-e Jam, Taybad, Bakhrez and Khaf
• Clothing of immigrants living in the province, such as Turkmen, Baluchis and Arabs
• Clothing for residents of desert and southern regions of the province, such as Neishabour, Torbat Heydariyeh, Sabzevar, Kashmar, Gonabad and Ghaen
Handicrafts
Saffron and barberry are among the important souvenirs of Razavi Khorasan province. Turquoise and agate rings and ornaments are also produced in Razavi Khorasan province. Sweets, candies, perfumes and dried fruits are among the other souvenirs of Razavi Khorasan province. Glim, felt products and carpets are among the handicrafts of Razavi Khorasan province. Fur embroidery is also done in Razavi Khorasan province and is one of the important handicrafts of the province's nomads. Turquoise cutting and in general cutting precious and semi-precious stones is one of the old professions in Khorasan Razavi province.
Tourism attraction
Since the holy shrine of Imam Reza (AS), the eighth Imam of the Shiites is located in this province, Razavi Khorasan has been very important in terms of tourism. The religious city of Mashhad, which is the largest religious capital of Iran, is one of the most important tourism attractions in Khorasan Razavi and therefore has been able to attract many tourists. In addition, the sights of Razavi Khorasan include various natural attractions, such as: Grineh Waterfall, Sheikh Ahmad Jami tomb, Noor khaneh Mosque, Malek Zuzan mosque, Arghoon Gate, Shahef khaneh Ardakani Gate, Salami pavilion, Torqabeh, Bimarab Cave, Azar Barzin Mehr Fire Temple, Ferdowsi Mausoleum, Kuhsangi Complex, Goharshad Mosque, Haj Molla Hadi Sabzevari Tomb, Ghiasieh School, Qasbeh Gonabad Qanat (Aqueduct), Khayyam Tomb, Attar Tomb, Tomb Kamal-ol-Molk, Nashtifan Asbad, Aliabad Tower, Chehelmil, Naderi Tower, Shandiz city, etc. are among the famous sights of this province.

This province was established with the approval of the government in 2004 and after the division of Khorasan province into three provinces. The area of this province is 28434 square kilometers, which is the 15th province of Iran. Its population is 811572 people. The majority of the people of North Khorasan are Shiites and the minority are Sunni minrity, and the ethnic groups living in North Khorasan Province include Persian-speakers, Tat-speakers, Razi-speakers, Kurds of Kermanshah, Turkmens and Turks.
Geography
North Khorasan province consists of 8 cities: Bojnourd (the center of the province and also the most populous city of the province), Shirvan, Esfarayen, Maneh and Samolghan, Raz and Jorglan, Jajarm, Farooj and Garmeh. In terms of geographical location, this province is bordered by Turkmenistan in the north (with a common border of 281 km), by Khorasan Razavi province in the east and south, by Semnan province in the southwest and by Golestan province in the west.
Customs 
The presence of different races in this region has caused a variety of food in this province. Traditional foods of North Khorasan province are prepared according to special customs with the help of seasonal fragrant vegetables. Yarmeh soup is a kind of local soup that is cooked in the city of Bojnourd with mountain vegetables called Cherish. Ingredients of Yarmeh soup are wheat or barley, peas, buttermilk, onion and dried mint. Other famous dishes of Bojnourd are sholehmash, which is made from mung bean, rice, minced meat, onion, some cumin along with spices. There are different ethnic groups living in North Khorasan province, and the cultural association of clothes in this province has caused cultural diversity and also the juxtaposition of these clothes. In addition to Islamic clothing, these clothes, with their happy colors, are also considered to soothe the soul. Kermanshah women and girls' clothing in this province often includes 5 parts: "Yashar" or Charqad, "kross" (blouse), "Shilvar" (skirt), "Jaliqe" and "Shaliteh". The men's clothing of the people of North Khorasan also included "Araq Chin", "Keh Lav" and "Lechg", which, like women's clothing, had cheerful and natural colors.
Handicrafts
The fluffy hat is the most famous handicraft of the people of North Khorasan, which is woven by the people of Jajarm. Namda mali, the production of double carpets in which the Turkmen of the province specialize, and the Kurdish kilim, which is the product of the Kurdish nomads of North Khorasan are some other atrt. Pelas is another type of handicrafts of this province, which is a kind of back kilim that has long been used as a suitable underlay to protect from moisture, cold and heat of the ground, and it was used to cover the floors of North Khorasan nomadic tents, which are often in wet landsor in rural houses. Monabat kari (carving), jajim weaving, traditional embroidery, embroidery on fur, tapestry and tassel weaving, knitting and silk embroidery can also be seen in many cities of the province.
Bojnourd famous candy, cheese sugar, Kurdish tablecloths, local clothes, carpets, kilims, backpacks and high quality Turkmen rugs, Qare Qorut, Kashk and grapes Razeghi in Bojnourd, Carpets and Poustin, jajim, felt, skin, nuts and Spring apples in Shirvan, tent in Rouin, hand towels in Esfarayen, Jajarmi fluffy hat in Jajarm, Turkmen horse's ornaments, etc. are among the souvenirs of this region. Racial and ethnic diversity has increased the prevalence of customs in North Khorasan.
Tourism attraction
Shirvan Valley, Mufakhm Mirror House, Museum of Documents and Manuscripts, Jajarmi Historical House, Sardar Mofakham Mirror House, Nargesloo Relief Lithographs, Jalal Al-din Castle, Belqeis ancient city, Espakho Fire Temple, Astrokhi Waterfall, Baboone Bagh Darreh Plain, etc. are among the tourist attractions of this province. In this province, Turkmen music is performed in various ceremonies inspired by famous Turkmen poets. The music of this region of Iran is generally composed of Kurdish and Turkish, and instruments such as kamancheh, sorna, dotar, dahl and reed are among the well-known instruments of this area. During Nowruz, the Turkmen of the province hold various competitions, including horse racing, bachukhe wrestling and rooster-fighting ceremonies. Every year on the days of Eid al-Fetr, on the thirteenth and fourteenth of Farvardin, the sport of Chukheh is performed, which is one of the traditional and indigenous rituals and sports of the people of this province.

Kuzestan province with an area of about sixty-four thousand square kilometers, is located in southwestern Iran. Khuzestan is one of the provinces that suffered a lot during the eight-year war of Iran and Iraq. Prolonged occupation of some areas of the province, constant rocket firing, air and ground attacks on the cities of Dezful, Bostan, Hoveyzeh, Susangard, Ahvaz, Shush, Shadegan, Andimeshk and many other areas, all caused a great damage to its cultural, social and economic heritages.
Geography
This province is bounded to Ilam province in northwest, to Lorestan province in north, to Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad provinces in northeast and to Chaharmahal and Bakhtiariin east. It is bordered by the Persian Gulf to the south and Iraq to the west. According to the divisions of the country, this province has fifteen cities, thirty-five districts, and four thousand villages. The north and east of Khuzestan are covered by the Zagros Mountains, so that in the southern areas, hills are visible. Khuzestan province can be divided into mountainous and plain regions.
Customs
Khuzestan is the source of culture and art. Cultural diversity and multiplicity of different ethnic groups living in this region, such as: Arabic speakers, Bakhtiari, Behbahani, Dezfuli, Shushtari and inhabitants of the Persian Gulf, has created a unified and varied dialects, languages, customs and traditions, rituals, ceremonies and manifestations of prayer and drama which are remarkable in various forms and cultural and artistic studies. The poems, songs, proverbs, music, dances and rituals of these tribes have enriched Khuzestan and they bring you closer to the rising and transcendent values of culture and art. Due to the fact that Khuzestan is the place of different Iranian tribes, it has a great variety of local clothes too.
Handicrafts
The cultural diversity of Khuzestan province has also affected the eating habits of the people of this region. In this province you can find a variety of foods that are each influenced by a particular culture. Khuzestan food is often spicy. Due to the djacency to the sea, fish has been in their diet that is cooked in different ways such as grilled or with rice. Spicy Indian foods and delicious Arab foods are also very popular in Khuzestan. Dates, cakes, pastries and citrus of Dezful are among the most important souvenirs of Khuzestan. Khuzestan kilim, Aba weaving and reed pen are special handicrafts of this province.
Tourism attraction
Each of the cities of this province has amazing historical monuments that tell you about the civilization and art of the people of this land. Tchogha zanbil Ziggurat Temple is the most famous and important historical and architectural monument of Shush city, which is more than 3200 years old. In 1979, this monument was registered as the first national monument of Iran in the UNESCO World Heritage List. The historical city of Susa itself is also a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Acropolis, Apadana and the Shahr-e Shahi (Royal City) are also remnants of the ancient cities of the Susa region. Shushtar hydraulic system, Kaveh Bazaar, Shush TChogha Zanbil ziggurat, Tomb of Daniel Nabi Shousha, Susa Demorgan castle, Shushtar Grand Mosque, Shush museum, Abadan Armenian Church, Abadan Museum and the old bridge of Dezful are some of the most important sights of the province. In addition to the historical attractions of this province, there are also beautiful natural attractions, such as: Karun River of Ahvaz, Hoveyzeh or Hur al-Azim Wetland, Shadegan International Wetland, Kooshak Island of Masjed Soleyman, and Dez River, etc.

Zanjan Province, also called the Zanjan Plateau, with an area of nearly 39369 square kilometers is located in the central region of northwestern Iran. Being famous for hospitality people in Zanjan are mostly Shia Muslims, they live together with other minorities. Locals mainly speak in Azeri (a dialect of Turkish); Tati is also spoken in some parts of the province specially in the mountain region.
Geography
Zanjan province has borders by Ardabil and Gilan provinces in the north, by Qazvin province in the east, by Hamedan province in the south, by South Kurdistan and West Azerbaijan and East Azerbaijan provinces in the southwest and west, and this province itself has borders by 7 provinces of another country. Zanjan province, according to the latest divisions of the country, has 8 cities, 16 districts, 21 counties, 46 villages and 978 small villages.
Customs
The traditional custom and ceremony of Chehel Yasin is held at the first moment of newyear coming in 15 mosques of Zanjan. distribution of cultural packages by the ministry of culture,such as books on family,children,youth subjects during Norooz vacation is another Norooz program in Zanjan. All squares of this province are adorned with Haftsin. The traditional clothes are another important cultural element. Pooshin is a piece of fabric women wear as headband in addition to their scarf called Yashmaq. Their multipiece colourful clothing is a combination of Quink (top dress), Jelizqeh (vest), Sheliteh (Short Skirt) and long large trousers. Charooq is what they wear as shoes. Men in Zanjan wear suits with a Kacheh Burk (hat). Their shoes are called Giveh or Charoq (made of leather) These costumes are less seen as a result of the modernization.
Handicrafts
Since one of the most enduring professions and industries in Zanjan has been knife making, various people who traveled to this city brought Zanjan knives as souvenirs for themselves and their acquaintances. The knives of Zanjan is well known because of its cutting power, sharpness, high quality, durability, plating style and the fine pattern on its handle and lining. The oldest founded knife in Iran dates back to thousand years ago. Because of the geographic situation of Iran, there have been a lot of wars as the old Persian poems and stories are about legendary Persian worrier. The army and worriers should always be ready, so they need weapon and equipment to protect the country. These knives are still very popular and have many fans and are still one of the most popular souvenirs in the city. Other souvenirs that are the work of the people of this city include tapestry, various copper utensils, Charogh, which are a kind of traditional women's shoes, kilims, carpets, cut stones, inlays, leather artifacts, engraving. We can also name bag weaving, necklace and bracelet.
Tourism attraction
Soltaniyeh Dome (the great building of Soltaniyeh, which is considered to be the largest historical dome in the world after Santa Maria Church and Hagia Sophia Mosque in Turkey), Katalekhor Cave, Chalabi Oghlou historical complex, Rakhtshooy Khaneh (Laundry or wash house), Zanjan Bazaar, Zanjan Rakhtshoykhaneh historical complex, Salt Men Museum, Behestan Castle, Zanjan Soltaniyeh Dome, Zanjan Grand Mosque, the ancient hills of Karsaf, Qaterchi Darband, Kharmanehsar Cave, Dragon Temple, Zanjan Museum, etc. are among the tourist attractions of this province.

The area of the province is 187502 square kilometers, which covers 11.5% of the country's area. According to the general census of 1390, the relative density of the province was 12.5 people per square kilometer.So, it can be said that, this province is one of the least populated provinces in the country. Sistan and Baluchestan, as the largest province, is located in the southeastern part of the country. This province has 1210 km border by Pakistan and Afghanistan and 370 km water border by the northern shores of the Oman Sea and in the north by South Khorasan province, in the south by Oman Sea, in the east y Pakistan and Afghanistan and in the west by Hormozgan and Kerman provinces.
Geography
Baluchistan has a mountainous nature. The southern regions of the province have different climates due to their proximity to Oman Sea and the use of monsoon winds. This area with an area of 172,305 square kilometers, consists the cities of Zahedan, Mirjaveh, Khash, Saravan, Sib and Soran, Mehrestan, Iranshahr, Sarbaz, Delgan, Nikshahr, Qasr Ghand, Chabahar and Konarak. Sistan region is a gem of the alluvium of the Hirmand River, which is the world's largest freshwater lake. The vital artery of the region, Hirmand, shows considerable annual fluctuations. 120-day winds that blow from late spring to late summer are effective in intensifying the need and dryness of the environment. Sistan region includes the cities of Zabol, Zahak, Nimroz, Hamoon and Helmand and has an area of 15,917 square kilometers.
Customs
In Sistan and Baluchestan province, in addition to celebrating Nowruz, Eid-e Ghorban and Eid-e Fetr have a special importance. On these Eids, people gather in the Eidgah wearing new clothes, offer Eid prayers, and then go to visit their relatives. One of the customs of the engagement period among the people of Sistan and Baluchestan is that on Eids such as Eid-e Ghorban, Eid-e Fetr and Nowruz, the groom's father invites the groom to the house and the groom presents a sheep and Eidi to the bride's family. People also make sweets called chelebaks on religious holidays and go to the cemetery. Sword dance, which is one of the oldest epic dances in the country, also belongs to this region.
Handicrafts
Sistan and Baluchestan is one of the largest fishing centers and fish and shrimp can be purchased as souvenirs. Landoor sweets, which is a souvenir of Zabul city, is one of the most famous sweets in this province. The handicrafts of this region are mainly produced by women and girls. The most important of these products are mat weaving, pottery, needlework, coin embroidery and carpet weaving, each of which are considered as souvenirs of this province.
Yellow curd is one of the main local dishes of Sistan and Baluchestan province. Yellow curd is a nutritious food related to the city of Zabol, which is usually consumed as breakfast on cold winter days, and its main ingredient is a kind of homemade yellow curd. Ojizak Zaboli and Sistani broth are also among the famous dishes of Sistan and Baluchestan region. Sistani broth is cooked with special spices and has its own flavor.
Tourism attraction
The history and location of this region has brought interesting natural phenomena and attractions and beautiful and unique historical monuments to it. Shahr-e Sukhte City World Registration Site, Taftan Volcanic Mountain, Hamoon Lake, Khajeh Mountain, Dezak Castle, volcanoes, wells, Ladiz Cave, Belgian Customs, Zahedan Kohne, Naseri Castle of Iranshahr, Sib and Soran Castle, Tis Castle and Cemetery , Ban Messiti Caves, Kalpurgan Saravan Live Pottery Museum, Tang Port, Derek Beach, Miniature Mountains, Bryce Beach, Lipar Lagoon, etc. are just some of these attractions.
The local costume of Sistan and Baluchestan with its great historical background is one of the main symbols of the original Iranian dress, which is still used in various designs and colors among these people. The heat in Sistan and Baluchestan province requires a special type of clothing, which is the same as loose clothing. This dress is usually white in summer and dark in winter. All the clothes in this region have a main pattern, which is pants and a long shirt, but the designs, colors and decorations on them are various. From the point of view of an ordinary person, all these clothes may look the same, but in reality, this is not the case, and the type of clothing worn by the people of different regions is such that by looking at it, one can know which city, region or tribe that person belongs to. The role of class status and customs in the type of clothing of men and women is quite noticeable, but not in the sense that their design and sewing are very different from each other. These differences are mostly in the fabric and clothing, especially in needlework, which in some cases has a significant price difference.

The beautiful and historical city of Shiraz is one of the most popular cities in Iran, which is an important city in the country in terms of culture, civilization, climate and numerous tourist attractions. In Fars province, different ethnic groups live, including Persians, Lors, Qashqai Turks, Tajiks, Arabs and Kurds, each with their own customs.
Geography
Fars province having Shiraz in the center, is bordered by Isfahan in the north, by Yazd in the east, by Hormozgan in the south and by Kohgiluyeh and Bushehr in the west. This region has many plains and deserts, lakes, mountains, valleys and straits, rivers and springs, and 70% of the province are mountainous areas.
Customs
In Fars province, different ethnic groups live, including Persians, Lors, Qashqai Turks, Tajiks, Arabs and Kurds, each with their own customs. In the music field, the music of Qashqai lovers are known, which is full of joy and sorrow. Among their traditional dances, wood dance is more attractive due to its performance style. Hosseini's Tasua and Ashura ceremonies in Kazerun are one of the most unique ceremonies of their kind in Iran. The local costumes of Fars province are one of the most beautiful cultural attractions throughout Iran, but this clothing is more common among the villagers and nomads of this province. An important part of the population of this province is the Qashqai tribes who cling to their traditional clothing. The fame of the local clothes of Qashqai men and women living in this province has spread widely and today it has become one of the most important cultural attractions of these people. Nomadic women's clothing includes hats, arkhaleq, tonban, slippers, scarves, shirts, skirts (qar), which are mostly produced in very happy and varied colors and inspired by nature. Nomadic men's clothing also includes hats, shirts, and waist scarves, etc.
Handicrafts
The most important handicrafts of Fars province are kilim, carpet and Gabbeh. In addition, the inlay works of this province is famous and important. Mosaic work, painting on wood and pottery, tile and seven-color tile are also common in Fars province and along with silk dyeing and metalworking, they are among the handicrafts of this province. Khatam of Shiraz city and carpets, kilims and Jajim nomads of Fars province are good choices to buy souvenirs from this province. There are also some especial foods that you can prepare as a souvenir.
Tourism attraction
The beautiful and historical city of Shiraz is one of the most popular cities in Iran, which is an important city in the country in terms of culture, civilization, climate and numerous tourist attractions. This city, which gives indescribable pleasure and a unique sense of the pleasant aroma to tourists, has many natural, historical and tourist attractions, the most important of which include the tombs of famous Iranian literature such as Hafez and Saadi Shiraz, historical gardens such as Eram Garden, Narenjestan Ghavam, Delgosha, Jahan nama, Afifabad, religious places such as Shah cheragh holy shrine, historical places such as Atiq Grand Mosque, Nasir Al-Molk Mosque, Karim Khani Citadel complex, Vakil historical bath and bazaar, Divankhaneh mansion, etc. Raghez Strait, Margon Waterfall, Shapoori Mansion, Moshir Al-Saltanah Mosque, Maharloo Lake, Tavakoli House, Jahan Nama Garden, Haft Tanan Garden, Forough Al-Molk House, Tizab Strait, Izdkhast Castle, Izdkhast Caravanserai, Baraq Strait, Darabgard, Darab Naghsh Shapur, Neyriz Azarakhsh Mosque and ... are other tourist attractions of this province.

Qazvin, which has been introduced as the capital city for calligraphy (special type of handwriting) in Iran, has always been considered as one of the calligraphy centers in the country and even in the world due to its great calligraphers. The ancient land of Qazvin, as the land of calligraphy in the country, has long been the place of famous calligraphers and men who have left their lasting works for the promotion of the great culture of Iran. Qazvin sweets are one of the most famous and delicious sweets in Iran, which is considered as a souvenir. The traditional foods and sweets of this province, not only throughout Iran but also in other countries, have an unparalleled reputation and popularity.
Geography
Qazvin province in the northern half of Iran and with an area of 15,626 square kilometers occupies less than one percent of the country's area. This province shares borders with Gilan and Mazandaran provinces in the north, with Hamedan and Zanjan provinces in the west, with Markazi province in the south and with Tehran and Alborz provinces in the east. According to the latest divisions of the country in 2016, this province has 6 cities (Abik, Avaj, Alborz, Buin Zahra, Takestan and Qazvin), 25 counties (Qazvin, Takestan, Abyek, Khorramdasht, Zia Abad, Avaj, Shal, Danesfahan, etc.).
Handicrafts
Kilim weaving, Jajim weaving, Golabatoon embroidery and quilt embroidery are the most important handicrafts of Qazvin province. In the field of clothing, in the past, women wore shawls under their shirts. Black pants with open tops and tight slippers were other women's clothing that were worn under shawls. Women also wore slippers, which were delicate in the summer. In the past, men also wore hats based on their financial situation. They wore simple white shirts with a collar button on the left shoulder. The trousers of the low-income people were made of long and loose blue or black canvas with a strap. Some pants were for nobles. Giveh, sock or Ajideh was another part of men's clothing that was used in summer.
Customs
Brilliant cultural and artistic background, hospitality, variety of tribes and a happy and humorous mood of the people of Qazvin made this province look different in terms of customs and traditions in comparison to other provinces of the country. Among the special customs of Qazvin province during Nowruz, we can mention Nowruz Khani, Samanoo Pezan, Panjah Badr and the last Wednesday of the year ceremony, which is also called Kaleh Chahar shanbe. Tiregan celebration on 13th of tir (June), agricultural harvest celebration, pomegranate celebration, hazelnut celebration, and side-by-side wrestling are among the other ceremonies and customs of Qazvin province, which are performed at different times of the year.
Tourism attraction
Qazvin province, like other provinces in the country, has attractions for adventurers and tourists. Qazvin Bazaar, Qazvin Qajar Bath, Qazvin Contour Church, Qazvin Alamut Castle, Qazvin Grand Mosque, Qazvin Chehel sotoon (forty columns) Palace, Aminiha Hosseiniyah in Qazvin, Qazvin Hamdollah Mostofi Tomb, Qazvin Safavid Garden Complex In Qazvin, Saad Al-Saltanah Caravanserai, Qazvin Al-nabi Mosque, Qazvin Saad Al-Saltanah Bazaar, Qazvin Municipality Building, Qazvin Darvaze ( the gate), Qazvin Sardar Reservoir, Qazvin Traditional Garden, Qala Kurd Cave (spa) are some of historical places. Also, Lake Evan, 75 km from Qazvin, Barajin Forest Park and Qazvin Nature Village, Qazvin Vercher Waterfall are some nature attractions of this province.

Qom province is the smallest province in Iran after Alborz province in terms of area. Qom province has only one county. The cities of Qom and Salafchegan are the most important cities in the province. The most famous villages of Qom province are Fordo, Vashnooh, Khaveh and Karamajgan. Qom province has a special and sensitive position due to the presence of the holy shrine of Imam Masoumeh (AS) there and the existence of the center of the clergy and the base of the Islamic Revolution. The language of the people of Qom has long been Persian with the Qomi dialect, which today is close to the Persian dialect of Tehran. Many people also speak Azerbaijani Turkish with a variety of accents. Arabic is also spoken in parts of Qom with an Iraqi accent. Lori Bakhtiari and Kurdish are also spoken in the province.
Geography
Qom province is one of the 31 provinces of Iran which is located in the center of this country and in the south of Tehran province, north of Isfahan province, east of Markazi province and west of Semnan province. The capital of the province is the city of Qom. The province is located in an arid and semi-arid region and has a hot and dry climate. The southern and western regions of the province have a mountainous climate and high mountains. The eastern, central and northern regions of the province also have vast deserts, the largest of which is the Masile plain.
Customs 
Among the special traditional arts that are common in Qom, we can mention tile-making, brick-making, inlay work and carpet-weaving. Among the ceremonies and traditions that are performed in this province, the arrival of Hazrat Masoumeh, the 23rd of Rabi al-Awal is the anniversary of the arrival of Fatemeh Masoumeh from Saveh to Qom. On this day, the people of Qom, together with Musa ibn Khazraj, who was holding her camel and was one of the elders of Qom, went to the entrance of the city to greet Fatima Masoumeh, and leaded her to her personal home. Every year, the people of Qom and the servants of the shrine of Fatemeh Masoumeh greet her on this day in a symbolic gesture and celebrate this day. Laleh gardani (tulip showing) ceremony or candle-lighting ceremony of the shrine of Fatemeh Masoumeh is another traditional ceremony performed by the servants of the shrine. Sar derakhti ceremonies are held in early spring in villages in the south of the province to protect gardens from the cold. For this purpose, cattle are purchased at the expense of the locals; then a green handkerchief is tied around the cow's neck and it is shown in the villages. In the next stage, the cow is sacrificed in Imamzadeh or a holy place and its meat is cooked and distributed among the people.
Handicrafts
Among the special traditional arts that are common in Qom, we can mention tile-making, brick-making, inlay work and carpet-weaving. Qom local clothes have been used more in the past. In the villages, women wore knee-length dresses, usually white and floral, with trousers underneath. Their clothes had two pockets sewn around them. Women always wore Charghad (white scarves) even in the house. Charghad was folded into a triangle and placed on the head, and to fasten it, it was either tied or attached with a pin. If they had money with them, they would tie it in the corner of Charghad.
The food of the people of Qom is the same as other cities in Iran. The most famous traditional food in Qom is Qanbid broth. Broth that is cooked with local cabbage of Qom and Qanbid plant. Other delicacies of this city are Keljoosh, Halva Sesame, Halva Shadoneh, Kloocheh and Sohan.
Tourism attraction
The holy threshold of Hazrat Fatemeh Masoumeh, Imamzadeh Ali Ibn Jafar, Imamzadeh Masoomeh, the Grand Mosque, Feyzieh School, the house of Imam Khomeini, the tombs of the Green Dome-Garden are among the pilgrimage and religious centers of this region. Kavir National Park, Namak Lake, Hoz Sultan Lake, Kahak Summer Area, Kabar Dam, Haj Asgarkhan Bath, Khezr Mountain, Yazdan Panah House, Mulla Sadra House, Bazaar, etc. are other attractions of this province.

The results of scientific archaeological excavations in ancient sites indicate that Kurdistan province has been considered as one of the human settlements since prehistoric times due to its favorable climatic and environmental conditions. Kurdish dance is the first feature that reminds us of Kurdistan province and most of the Kurdish ceremonies are associated with this dance. Kurdish men and women's clothing includes "Tan Poosh" (apparel), "Sar Poosh"(headpiece) and Pay Afzar (footwear). The construction and use of each of these components varies depending on the season, type of work, and ceremonies and celebrations. Although the clothing of different regions of Kurdistan such as Oraman, Saqez, Baneh, Grossa, Sanandaj, Marivan, etc. are different, but in terms of full body coverage, they are all the same. Men's Kurdish clothing includes Chokheh, Pantol, Maleki, Lafkeh Sourani, Shawl, Dastar. Women's Kurdish clothing includes Jafi, Klanjeh, Shawl, and Kalkeh,etc
Geography
Kurdistan province with an area of 29,000 square kilometers is ranked 18th among the provinces. Kurdistan shares borders with west Azerbaijan and Zanjan in the north with Kermanshah province in the south, with Hamedan and Zanjan in the east and it is bordered by Iraq in the west. The province has 10 cities, 29 counties, 31 districts and 86 villages, 1697 inhabited villages and 187 uninhabited villages. Baneh, Bijar, Saqez, Sanandaj, Divandere, Kamyaran, Qorveh, Marivan, Sarvabad and Dehgolan are the most important cities of the province.
Customs
Many ceremonies have been performed in Kurdistan in the past. Mir Noroozi, Mirmirin or Amir Bahadori are some of the traditions that are almost forgotten today. Samanoo pazan (cooking a sweet pudding made of wheat sprouts and rosewater which is prepared by women for Nowruz) ceremonies are still performed in some villages. The ceremony of Pir Shaliar, which is a thousand years old, is performed every year. On the last Wednesday before Bahman 5th (February 6th), Pir Shaliar's wedding anniversary will be celebrated in Oraman Takht. In this ceremony, cows and sheep are sacrificed, traditional music is played and foods are distributed. The tomb of Pir Shaliar is located in the city with the same name. It is said that he could heal the daughter of the king of Bukhara who was deaf and dumb finally married her.
Handicrafts
Handmade carpets from Bijar, Bukan, Sanandaj and Afshar are among the most important handicrafts in Kurdistan province. Saneh kilim, woodworking, quilting, making musical instruments are other handicrafts in the province. Regarding the local dishes of Kurdistan, it should be said special types of soups and stews are some of delicious local dishes prepared in different cities of the province.
Tourism attraction
The results of scientific archaeological excavations in ancient sites indicate that Kurdistan province has been considered as one of the human settlements since prehistoric times due to its favorable climatic and environmental conditions. In Kurdistan, about one thousand two hundred ancient works have been identified and about five hundred of them have been registered in the list of national works. Abidar Forest Park, Oraman region, Zarivar Lake, Chehel Cheshmeh, Sarab Qorveh and Abshar kuileh, Nogol historical Quran, Zivieh Saqez ancient hill, Oraman region, Khosrow abad mansion, Moshir Divan mansion, Amjad Al-Ashraf mansion , Salar Saeed Mansion (Sanandaj Museum), Asef Vaziri Mansion (Kurdish House), Saqez Glass Bath, Saqez Historical Bazaar, Saqez Two Minarets Mosque, Khan Bath, Vakil Al-Molk Bath, Qaslan Bath, Sanandaj Bazaar, Hassan Abad Castle, Qomchaqa Castle, Gheshlagh Bridge, Ashqoon Baba Tower, Uch Gonbad Khan Tower, Yangi Arkh Tower, etc. are among the tourist attractions of this province.

Kerman province is located in the southeast of Iran and according to the Statistical Center of Iran, its population was equal to 3,164,718 people in 2016. In the city of Kerman, the language of the people is Persian. Due to the migration of different groups such as Turks, Lors, and Baluchies to Kerman region throughout history, a great variety of local dialects has been created in different cities of this province.
Geography
Kerman province is located in the southeast of Iran and according to the Statistical Center of Iran, its population was equal to 3,164,718 people in 2016. Kerman covers more than 11% of the area of Iran with about 183,285 square kilometers and is the largest province of Iran. It is limited to Yazd and South Khorasan provinces from the north, Hormozgan province from the south, Sistan and Baluchestan province from the east and Fars province from the west.
Customs
The culture of Kerman province is a combination of Baluchi, Zoroastrian and Kermani cultures and each group has its own clothing. In the urban society of Kerman province, women wear chadors or robes in public places. Women do not have special clothes at home or at parties, only the clothing of nomadic women is different in some places, which unfortunately is disappearing today. “Jashn-e Sade” (celebration of one century) is one of the most important rituals in Kerman province, which is held by the Zoroastrians of this province. The celebration will be held exactly 50 days before Nowruz (the New Year), in which Zoroastrian priests in white clothes go around a huge mass of gathered bushes and after walking around the bushes several times, they set them on fire. Happy songs are also played during the ceremony.
Handicraft
Carpet is one of the most important handicrafts in Kerman province. In addition to embroidery, mat weaving, kilim weaving and cashmere weaving are also common in Kerman province. Copper smithing and engraving are other handicrafts of Kerman province. Kerman, like other cities in Iran, has a variety of traditional foods with different flavors, some of which are prepared on special occasions and many are normally prepared throughout the year.
Tourism attraction
Kerman has about 7,000 historical attractions, 700 of which are registered in the list of national monuments, such as: Ganj Ali Khan Complex, Shazdeh Garden, Kerman Grand Mosque, Bam citadel, Kerman Historical Mosque, Mozaffari Mosque, Malek Grand Mosque, Tomb of Shah Nematullah Voli, Shahdad, Kerman Zoroastrian Bazaar, Kerman Old City Fence, Rayen Citadel, Dokhtar Castle and Ardeshir Castle, Vakil Complex, Ebrahim Khan Complex, Aminian House, Ghaffari House, Pamanar mosque, and Jabalieh dome(related to the Sassanid period), etc.

Kermanshah province is known as the east-west communication highway and is 200 km far from the Iran-Iraqi border. According to the latest census of Kermanshah province, it has a population of 946,651 people. Kermanshah has a long list of local dishes. At the top of this list is kebab ribs, which are cooked with mutton ribs, onion, garlic, black pepper, sumac, tomato paste, lemon, parsley. Sliced stew is also one of the local dishes of this province, which is definitely seen at the host's table at important and official parties. This stew in Kermanshah is prepared with mutton, sliced almonds, black barberry and saffron. Abbas Ali's soup should not be forgotten either. A complete and nutritious meal prepared with boiled water of meat and beef thigh meat.
Geography
Kermanshah province with an area of 25,000 square kilometers occupies 1.5% of the total area of the country and has 14 cities with the names of Islamabad Gharb, Sarpol Zahab, Songhar, Harsin, Kangavar, Javanrood, Sahneh, Paveh, Gilangharb, Ravansar, Dalahou , Ghasre Shirirn and Salals baba jani. Due to the fact that Kermanshah province is located in the western part of Iran, it has a part of Zagros mountain range in it. Zagros mountains in this region include Biston mountain, Atashgah mountain, Parva mountain, Farokhshad mountain, Se Kal mountain, Kharaman mountain, Dalakhani mountain, Dalahu mountain, Sefid kuh, Shavdalan, Baluch mountain, Shahu mountain, Makvan mountain and Miuleh mountain. Kermanshah province is known as the east-west communication highway and is 200 km far from the Iran-Iraqi border. According to the latest census of Kermanshah province, it has a population of 946,651 people.
Customs 
In Kermanshah province, the Kurds of the southern regions near the Iraqi border use special words and expressions for clothing. Therefore, women's clothing is not only known as Keras, but also as "Karvas", "shev" and "shoy". The dress that a Kurdish woman wears in Kermanshah varies in different regions according to the geographical location in terms of sewing and dosage. This dress includes a headband, a long shirt with undergarments, a vest or waistcoat, shoes and trousers that have a full hijab, and here is a complete description of each one for a better understanding. Women's clothing in this area consists of 9 parts, which are: headbands - underwear - shirts - vests - bodysuits - robes – long garment - pants and shoes, which are introduced below. Clothes are long and colorful, in addition to their beauty and various colors, are worn up to the bottom of the legs, and for comfort, pants are provided for underwear. Kurdish men's clothing in the regions of Kurdistan, Kermanshah and West Azerbaijan consists of 10 pieces, which are: sweatshirt, hat, headband, shirt, coat, postak, pants, socks, shoes, waist scarf.
One of the customs of Kermanshah province is the celebration of Nowruz, which is very important for the people of this province. Khane tekani (cleaning the house before Nowruz), lighting a fire, setting the Haftsin tablecloth and baking local sweets with the aroma and flavor of Kermanshah oil to be placed on the Haftsin tablecloth are among the customs of the people of Kermanshah to welcome spring. Going to a new bride's house with the title "New Eid" is another custom of the people of Kermanshah. On the first day of spring, the groom's family prepares gifts for their newlyweds, who are engaged, and goes to the bride's parents' house to celebrate Eid.
Handicraft
It can be said that the most famous souvenir of Kermanshah is its sweets. Nan berenji (rice bread) which is prepared in two types of plain and saffron, coke, date bread and Kermanshah animal oil, along with kilim and jajim, complete the souvenir of this region. Kermanshah handicrafts include kilim weaving, quilt weaving, jajim weaving and traditional instrument making. Seven-color tiles, mosaics, volume making and stone cutting are all handicrafts of Islamabad West. The city of Dalhousie is also known for its knife-making, metalworking, and traditional instruments such as the tanbur and the setar (musical instruments). In Paveh, textile weaving, textile and basket weaving are also flourishing.
Tourism attraction
This province has many natural and historical attractions. Piran vise Castle, Baba Yadegar Tomb, Bistoon Inscription, Taq Bostan, Chahar Qapo Four Rooms, Yazdgerd Castle, Sassanid Palace, Qasr-e shirin Palace, Ishaqvand Tomb, Sorkh Deh Tomb, Hercules Statue, Emad Al-Dowleh Mosque, Anahita Shrine, Gudeh Inscription, Dakan Davood, Abbasi caravanserai, Sarab Sahneh, Madhya crypt, Chalabad, Hojir, ancient city of Kambaden, Kuh-e-Nova, Abu Jajah tomb, Naqsh Atobani Ney, Bezrud castle, Kikavous rock tomb, Qahla Hojir, Marwan castle, Paul Marj bridge Miyan Rahan, Noji Varan Bridge, Ho Chi Ho Chi Palace, Khosravi Mansion, Shapur Palace, Sefeh Madi, Biston Castle, Khosrow Bridge, Naghsh-e-Volgash, Naghsh Miter Yadat Ashkani, Faratash, Sang-e Sangi, Parti Temple are some of importanr places in this province.
Chamchal Ancient City, Hassan Khan Bath, Qala Sari Aslan, Cheshmeh Hendiabad, Chahar Ghapi Fire Temple, Chia Jani Hill, Varkini Shelter, Mill Hill, Ganj Darreh Hill, Yuan Shelter, Armenian Church, Feyzabad Caravanserai, Khajeh Baroukh House, Rijab, Ratil Cave, Tavleh Cave, Tayleh Cave, Kavat, Ghori Qaleh Cave, Varvasi Cave, Niloufar Mirage, Piran Waterfall and Mirage, Ravansar Mirage, Cheshmeh Sarab Cave, Heshilan Wetland, and Asangaran Cave are among the historical and natural attractions in Kermanshah.

In 1996, this province had a population of about 544 thousand people, of which 39.23% lived in urban areas and 60.20% in rural areas, and the rest were uninhabited. 45% of its area consists of hills, and the remaining of its area is covered by plains and valleys. The highest point of the province is Dena peak with an altitude of 4409 meters and the lowest point is Lishter with an altitude of 500 meters above sea level. The cities of the province include Dogonbadan, Dehdasht, Leikk, Charam, Landeh, Basht, Sisakht, Souk, Dishmuk, Sarfaryab, Qaleh Reisi, Margon, Pataveh, Chitab and Grab Sofla. The people of the province often speak the southern dialects of Lori. This dialect is understandable for other Lor speakers, especially Bakhtiari Lors, and is common in the northern shores of the Persian Gulf (Genaveh, Deylam and Tangestan counties).
Geography
Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad Provinces, with an area of 16,264 square kilometers, is located in the southwest of central Iran. According to the latest political and administrative divisions in 1996, the cities of the province are: Kohgiluyeh with the center of Dehdasht, Boyer-Ahmad with the center of Yasuj and Gachsaran, the city of Yasuj with the center of the province of Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad. It is bordered in the north by the provinces of Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari, in the south by the provinces of Fars and Bushehr, in the east by the provinces of Isfahan and Fars, and in the west by the province of Khuzestan.
Customs 
The people of Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad perform the New Year or Nowruz ceremonies in great detail. A few nights before the end of the year, in a ceremony called Khairat Nime Barat, they distribute a kind of halva made of milk, rice and black beans among the neighbors. In addition to special customs and traditions for courtship and weddings, mourning and religious rituals are also held in this province with special customs. Weddings are full of handkerchiefs and wickerwork that turn the ceremony into a festival of color and joy. Mourning is also full of sadness and symbolic rituals that show the sadness of the mourners. Among the various customs that can be seen in this province, we can mention the Chale Garm konun or the preparation and eating of the most delicious local food, which is done one day before the end of the year, and its inhabitants celebrate the warmth of life and welcome goodness and bless in the new year. In Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad provinces, special clothing is used according to the culture, beliefs and religious and national beliefs. weather conditions has influenced this type of clothing. Men's clothing Types of felt hats and round hats that are in the form of half hats are among the men's caps. Men's tunics are "Dalg" or a long coat that covers the knee and is fastened with a button and has a slit on both sides, as well as, the shawl, which is made of two meters of fabric and is tied around the waist. The other part is "jaqeh zenareh" (zenareh jaqeh), which is made of hemp and is slightly longer than the dalg.
Handicrafts
Existence of vast plains, high mountains and hills has turned Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad provinces into a unique collection of aromatic edible and medicinal plants. Walnuts, honey, raisins, curds, honeysuckle, dried plums and fruits, mint, artichoke and thyme are the most important souvenirs of this province. Among the Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad tribes, the production of different handicrafts has been common for a long time. The handicraft weave is varied in Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad and can be woven into fabrics such as carpets, rugs, backpacks, pouches, weaves without knots such as kilims, and hand weaves such as socks, handkerchiefs, and hand-knitted socks. Important souvenirs of the province include: carpets, gabbeh, Khorjin, funeral rugs, backpacks, pouches, embroidered needles, gloves and other nomadic handicrafts products, the purchase of which is an interesting and lasting souvenir for visitors.
Tourism attraction
Kohkiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad Provinces has a valuable collection of historical and natural beauty. Inscriptions of Tang-e-Sulk, stone pillar of Dogor Do Pa, historical city of Dehdasht, soleyman castle, Pataveh bridge, Lama ancient tomb, Kahzad Dena fort, Kheirabad quadrangle, Barim bridge, Yasuj waterfall, Kamardog waterfall, Boram Alvan lake, Tange Mehr Tange Ganjei, Cheshmeh Mishi, Gonbad Leishter, etc. are among the attractions of this province.

The Persians are divided into native and immigrant groups. Indigenous Persians mostly speak Gorgani, Katoli and Mazandaran dialects. Immigrants to the province are mostly Sistani, Baluch, Semnani and Khorasani. Persian languages are mostly inhabited in the center and south of the province and Mazandaran people live in the villages of the western half of the province. Azeris live in Gonbad Kavous city and Cossacks mostly live in Gorgan in Golestan. Turkmens who live in the eastern, central and northern parts of the province, as well as in the center of the province, are Sunni and speak the Turkmen language.
Geography
Golestan province is located in the northern part of the country, and has 438 km of land border (the nearest city is Hasanqoli) in the north by Turkmenistan, and 90 km of water border in the south by Semnan province, in the east by North Khorasan province and in the west by Mazandaran province and The Caspian Sea. The population of Golestan province, according to the results of the general population and housing census in 2016, is one million 868 thousand 819 people. Numerous ethnic groups live in the province, including Turkmen, Persian speakers, Sistani, Baluchis, Turks (Azerbaijanis and Ghezelbash), Mazandaranis, and Cossacks.
Customs 
Golestan province is the land of the tribes and is known as the rainbow of the Iranian tribes due to its ethnic diversity. Different ethnicities live with different customs in this land, so the local clothes of this land are colorful. Nowruz Khani, the celebration of the sixtieth anniversary or Aq-e-Ash, Ghashogh Zani, chehel kal customs, etc. are among the customs of this region of our land. Turkmen men's clothing consists of doon, chakman, ichmak, queenk, trousers, telepak, buruk and boots, and Turkmen women's clothing consists of qirmiz kunik, buruka or sweatshirt, and chashu. Turkmen women wear shoes such as crocheted shoes, quilted shoes with high toes and high heels. In addition to ethnicities, each city has its own clothes.
Handicrafts
Silk weaving, Turkmen carpets and Turkmen ornaments are among the most important handicrafts in Golestan province and can be a source of travel for travelers to this province. Halj Amaj, Sargharbili, Jazhalva and Nan Padrazi, which are registered in the list of national monuments as cultural heritage, are among the famous souvenirs of this province. Chakdermeh, Buruk, Tarchin, Heli Ash, Khozesh Sak, Gozneh Ash, Bolameh, etc. are among the local dishes of this region, and some of them, such as Gozneh Ash, hold ceremonies to cook them.
Tourism attraction
Golestan, the land of beautiful waterfalls, has historical, natural and God-given attractions, which is why it has a high capacity to attract tourists. Golestan Galikesh National Park, Cheshmeh Gol Ramian, Gonbad Qaboos Tower Gorgan, Shast Kola Forest in Gorgan, Tuskestan Gorgan Forest, Shast Kalateh Gorgan Waterfall, Al-Nagdereh Forest Park in Gorgan, Jahannama Protected Area in the southeast of Kordkoy, Lohe Galikesh Waterfall, Shirabad Ramyan Waterfalls, Kaboudwal Aliabad Katabad Waterfall, Rang Waterfall, Gorgan Forest and Waterfall In Gorgan, the waterfalls of Gorgan Talbanbar valley, 4 international wetlands Alagol, Almagol, Aji Gol and Gomishan in the Turkmen Sahara plain near the border of Iran and Turkmenistan, Ashuradeh Island of Bandar-e Turkmen are some of the attractions. We can also name Drazno village in Kordkoy, Afratakhteh village in Aliabadaktol, Mozzeh Palace Gorgan Mosque, Minoodasht recapture hill, Gorgan shoemakers market, Gorgan Emadiyeh school, Aghoghla historical bridge in Gorgan, Gorgan Great Wall, Gonbad Kavous hill, Amir Latifi house of Gorgan, Taqviyeh house in Gorgan and Khalid Nabi shrine 55 km northeast of Kalaleh.

Gilan province is one of the northern provinces of Iran with the center of Rasht. This province is connected to the Caspian Sea from the north and has a water border with the coastal countries and through Astara has a land border with the Republic of Azerbaijan. It can be said that the dominant ethnic group in Gilan is Gilak, followed by Talesh, Turk, Kurd and Lor, respectively, with the largest population in Gilan province.
Geography
Gilan province is one of the northern provinces of Iran with the center of Rasht. This province is connected to the Caspian Sea from the north and has a water border with the coastal countries and through Astara has a land border with the Republic of Azerbaijan. This province has borders in the west by Ardabil province, by Zanjan and Qazvin provinces in the south and by Mazandaran province in the east. Gilan area is 14,044 square kilometers and its population according to the 2016 census is 2,350,686 people. Gilan province is divided into 16 cities which are: Astara, Ashrafieh threshold, Amlash, Bandar Anzali, Talesh, Siahkal, Shaft, Rasht, Rudbar, Rudsar, Rezvanshahr, Soomehsara, Fooman, Lahijan, Langrud, Masal
Customs
The customs of Gilan illustrate an interesting example of the complex connection between pre-Islamic and Islamic customs. The combination of trees, bulls and eggs in holy places such as shrines and tombs for Shiites and Torbat for the Sonni minority, and the importance of natural elements in the performance of religious ceremonies has attracted much attention. The importance of trees among the Gilani is quite palpable. Sometimes these same trees are considered as the survivors of the Imams and they are called by noble, old or noble names. The juice of these trees is considered as a sign of the blood of the Imams due to its red color. Pilgrims at the foot of these trees beg, make vows, and ask their gods to heal the sick people. With the arrival of the child's first teeth, the traditional ceremony of Dandan fashoon is held. They spread a mirror, scissors, Quran, gold coins, books, pens, needles and 3 tablecloths for him, and the first thing he takes indicates his fate. If he removes the Qur'an, he becomes a cleric, if he removes the scissors, he becomes a hairdresser. Weddings also have a special hierarchy. Even the planting and harvesting of rice cermony is so important that it is still done during certain times of year.
Handicrafts
Types of handicrafts that are produced in Gilan province include: woodworking and joinery, woodcarving, mosaic work, mat weaving, bamboo weaving, pearl weaving, pottery and ceramics, pumpkin painting, felt weaving, silk weaving , Jajim weaving, kilim weaving, chamoosh embroidery, crochet, night tent weaving, carpet weaving. Tea, rice, Rudbar olives, fresh fish, smoked and salted fish, peanuts, citrus fruits, Fooman cookies, dried noodles and honey are some of the souvenirs of this province. Tea, rice, Rudbar olives, fresh fish, smoked and salted fish, peanuts, citrus fruits, Fooman cookies, dried noodles and honey are some of the souvenirs of this province. Gilan has a long list of special foods due to its fish, olives and a variety of local vegetables. Among the most important local dishes of Gilan, we can mention Mirza Ghasemi, Baqlaqatagh, Torshtereh, Anarij, Kal Kabab, Fesenjan chicken or Lako chicken, Vavishka, Torshshami, Sheshandaz, Sirabij, Sirqliyeh and Borani eggplant.
Tourism attraction
The nature of Gilan province with temperate climate, has dense forests and beautiful landscapes such as sea, waterfalls, forested mountains, flowing rivers, lush gardens. Anzali Wetland, Rudkhan Castle, Visadar Waterfall, Saqalaksar Lake, Rural Heritage Museum, Mirza Kuchak Khan Tomb, Municipality Building, Sheikh Zahed Tomb, Latoon Waterfall, Divrash Forest, Sheytan Mountain, Tea Museum, Masouleh Village, Darband Cave, Subatan Summer Matash, forest and Gisum beach, etc. are among the tourist attractions of this province.

Lorestan province with an area of about 28157 square kilometers (1.7% of the country's area) is located in the southwestern region of Iran. This province is limited to six provinces and is considered as a connecting bottleneck of neighboring provinces including Hamedan, Markazi, Isfahan, Khuzestan, Ilam and Kermanshah. Lorestan province has a very good position in terms of promenades and many natural and historical sights due to its history and its location in the Zagros Mountains and the existence of abundant water resources.
Geography
Lorestan province with an area of about 28157 square kilometers (1.7% of the country's area) is located in the southwestern region of Iran. This province is limited to six provinces and is considered as a connecting bottleneck of neighboring provinces including Hamedan, Markazi, Isfahan, Khuzestan, Ilam and Kermanshah. There are 9 cities, 23 counties, 26 districts and 83 villages and its center is the city of Khorramabad. The cities of the province are: Khorramabad, Boroujerd, Aligudarz, Doroud, Azna, Kuhdasht, Delfan, Selseleh and Poldokhtar.
Customs
Apart from beautiful local music and dance, housecleaning (Gardileh) had its own customs in this province. In the past, people used to clean the house since the first day of Esfand. Literate people rode horses in villages and cities and congradulated the coming of Nowruz by reciting poems. Alfa and Barat, Tasua (one of the Muharram) and Yalda night rituals are other ancient customs of this province. Lorestan is famous for its kebabs. Due to the existence of many cattle in this region, meat has been the main food of its inhabitants. It is said that the famous kebab of this province is found in Boroujerd, Khorramabad and Doroud. Tarkhineh pottage, Raghoo which is a kind of oily bread are popular too.
Handicrafts
Lorestan handicrafts are divided into three groups: nomadic, rural and urban. In the meantime, nomadic products are more consumed by the family and less exported. However, nomadic handicrafts include: carpets, kilims, black tents, Rang Razi, felt-making, and engraving are some of the rural handicrafts.
Tourism attraction
Lorestan province has a very good position in terms of promenades and many natural and historical sights due to its history and its location in the Zagros Mountains and the existence of abundant water resources. Falakolaflak Citadel, Shui Waterfall, Gavmishan Bridge, Great and Sarkaneh Waterfall, Nojian Waterfall, Gohar Lake, Stone Whirlpool, Khorramabad Minaret, Sarab Hill, Shahpour Bridge, Khorramabad Bridge, Kashkan Bridge, Ghamari Cave, Yafteh Cave, Kanji Cave , Arjaneh Cave, Boroujerd Grand Mosque, Soltani Mosque, Boroujerd, Mirmalas Valley are some important tourism attractions.

Mazandaran province which has the city of Sari in its center, is in northern Iran and on the southern shores of the Caspian Sea. This province is one of the most populous provinces in Iran and shares borders with Golestan, Semnan, Tehran, Alborz, Qazvin and Gilan provinces. The largest and most populous city of Mazandaran province is the city of Sari, which is about 6000 years old, also the most populous county of Mazandaran province is Babol with a population of more than 530 thousand people. Damavand Peak which is the highest mountain in Iran and the highest volcano in Asia and the Middle East is in Mazandaran, in the city of Amol. This province is one of the most populous regions of Iran in terms of population density.
Geography
This province is one of the most populous provinces in Iran and shares borders with Golestan, Semnan, Tehran, Alborz, Qazvin and Gilan provinces. Mazandaran province has 22 cities. Amol, Babol, Babolsar, Behshahr, Chalous, Mahmudabad, Neka, Noor, Nowshahr, Ghaemshahr, Ramsar, Sari, Savadkuh and Tonekabon are among the cities of Mazandaran. The people of Mazandaran speak Mazandaran or Tabari and Persian. In Behshahr, Tonekabon, Sari and Qaemshahr and the villages of Neka, Turks and Azeris live. The Kurds and Leks live in the village of Chahar Qala in Behshahr. The Lors also live in Sari and Noor, the Kurds in Sari, the village of Rine Amol (Larijan), Noor, Nowshahr and Tonekabon. Arabs also live in Behshahr and Babylon.
Customs 
Mazandaran has a wide range of delicious foods in different regions. Pomegranate and pomegranate paste play a special role in the food of this province. some of the local dishes of Mazandaran are: Mazandaran sour chicken, which is different from Gilan sour chicken and uses local vegetables and walnuts in its preparation, pumpkin soup, kui pla or pumplin and rice, which are very popular among Mazandaranis, pomegranate garlic stew, beijibij which is a combination of Chopped meat, onion, potato and tomato are prepared. Alu Mosma with Mazandaran plum, Aghuz Mosma, Baqala Wabij and Kadovireh. The celebration of Tirgan in Amol, the celebration of Barfuchal, the celebration of Lucho wrestling are some of the customs of different cities of Mazandaran. In Kendall, Nowruz ceremony has its own customs; At New Year's Eve - with Istikhara - some children or teenagers are chosen in the family as a joy or welcome. After New Year's Eve, he enters the house with a tray containing the Quran, sweets, greens and a container of water - before the rest - and pours water into the corners of the rooms to start a blessed year for the family.
Handicrafts
The presence of clay has led to the flourishing of pottery and earthenware making in Mazandaran. Carpet weaving is also one of the old handicrafts of this province, which is usually accompanied by geometric designs. Jajim weaving with designs of brick, Panjei, four flowers, etc., needlework, felt weaving, mat weaving, shamd and bedsheets, inlay, traditional dyeing and printing, ceramics, etc. are among the other lush handicrafts of this province.
Sohan Kanjadi or Poshtizik is one of the delicious foods of this province. The local clothes of Mazandaran are completely covered and attractive, and happy and beautiful colors of nature are used in them. Although the use of local clothes is decreasing, but it is still common in some areas and among the inhabitants of this land. Shaliteh or Charkhi of trousers, Tambun Ghomboli, Tange Temban or Pashmbal Strait, Nim Saq, Jomeh, Nimtaneh, Kalijeh and Chador Shoo ,the women's cap and Charqad, Mendel, Mendel and Gisband or Mobaf are the women's cap. Women's slippers also include socks, galoshes, leggings and patoes. Men's tunics consist of jomeh or clothes, trousers or tuman or wool, chokht-qoba or kulak, alijeh or sardari, labadeh, shula, bushluq and postak. Felt hats, earmuffs, hat covers, hats, stonemason hats and Mendel hats are used for men. Men's shoes also include: Jarb, Koosh, Sheikhi Koosh and Charoogh.
Tourism attraction
Mazichal village in Kelardasht, Namak Abroud in Chalous, Choret or Miansheh Lake in Sari, Abpari waterfall in Noor, Nova village in Larijan, Azo plain in Kelardasht, Rash forest in Sari and Javaherdeh village in Ramsar, Badab Surat mineral springs, Abbasabad Palace, Philband village, Versak bridge, Daryasar plain, Kendallus village, Elimalat lake, Sisangan forest park, Miankaleh wetland, Alimestan forest, etc. are among the famous sights of Mazandaran.

Markazi province culturally and religiously is important because it is the birthplace of great scholars, Poets, mystics, politicians and great people such as Imam Khomeini, the founder of the Islamic Republic of Iran, Grand Ayatollah Araki, Professor Mahmoud Hesabi, Mirza Taghi Khan Amirkabir, Mullah Ahmad Naraqi, Adib al-Mamalik Farahani, Abbas Iqbal Ashtiani, Fakhreddin Iraqi, Ghaem Farahani, Ayatollah Noureddin Hosseini, Ayatollah Mohsen Iraqi, Mirza Hassan Ashtiani and others. Most people in Markazi Province speak Persian. Turkish language is also common in most villages around Arak, Sarband and Saveh. In Delijan, people speak Raji language, which is rooted in the languages and words of the Median period.
Geography
Markazi province has Arak city in the center and is located in the center of Iran. Arak is known as the industrial capital of Iran and is one of the metropolises of Iran and one of the largest western cities with an area of 29126 square kilometers and a population of 1413958 people. According to the latest national divisions of this province, it is divided into 12 cities (Arak, Ashtian, Saveh, Zarandieh, Khomein, Shazand, Komijan, Tafresh, Khondab, Delijan, Mahallat, Farahan).
Customs 
Many ceremonies are held on different occasions in the cities and villages of Markazi province, some of which are: ceremonies of Jorkheh village, Naqaldi shark festival and the celebration of the first winter snow that is held in most cities of the province, Tafresh rain-seeking ceremonies And Nimour bil gardani are other local ceremonies in the province. The bil gardani ceremony is in the category of heroic celebrations and its time goes back to the agricultural season in spring. The men of Nimvar dredge the Great Nimour Creek, and at the end of this activity, which lasts about a month, after the creek reaches its first branch, they hold a traditional celebration with a heroic atmosphere, which is registered in the list of Iran's spiritual heritage.
Handicrafts
Regarding handicrafts, it should be mentioned that the handmade carpets of Markazi province, Saveh kilim, which dates back to the Safavid era, copper smithing, embossing, dyeing, embroidery, wood carving, inlay, mosaic, carpentry and sculpture are among the handicrafts that are popular in this province. Among the souvenirs of this province, except for handicrafts, the names of Fatir bread and Saveh pomegranate are in the first place. After that, it is Tarhana's turn, which can be obtained from different cities of the province. Arak Gush fil, Sarooq carpet, Jozghand (traditional Naragh pastry), Hazaveh village grapes, Sanjan giweh, Khomein high quality honey and finally local flowers are the best souvenirs that can be remembered from Markazi province.
Tourism attraction
This province has a high ability in the production of flowers and plants. Mahallat city, which is the center of these flowers and plants, is one of the sightseeing centers of this province. Arak Miqan Wetland, Hassanpour Arak House, Arak Four Seasons Historical Bath, Arak Historical Bazaar, Saveh Grand Mosque, Shahid Bahonar Arak Zoo and Forest Park, Khoreh Mahallat Archaeological Site, Nakhjir Delijan Cave, Hazaveh Village can be mentioned as some of the tourism attractions of this province. Timura Khomein Lithographs, the tomb of Professor Hesabi in Tafresh, the historical village of Anjodan in Arak, Sefid Khani Cave in Arak (Ain Ho) and the archeological site of Dotapeh Shazand are good destination for people who love both nature and historical places.

The majority of people in this city are Muslim and follow the Shiite and Sunni religions. Their official language is Persian and they speak a special Bandari dialect. The people of this city are also a mixture of Iranians, Baluchis, Arabs, and people of black descent named Abbasi. Hormozgan province is surrounded by the warm waters of the Persian Gulf and the Sea of Oman in the form of a strip with a length of approximately 900 km in the south. The capital of Hormozgan province is Bandar Abbas and it has 13 cities, 38 counties, 38 districts and 1277 villages.
Geography
Hormozgan province, the southernmost province of Iran, is located on the shores of the Persian Gulf and the Sea of Oman with a population of 1 million 578 thousand 183 people and an area of about 68 thousand 476 square kilometers. This province is bordered by Kerman province in the north and northeast, by Fars and Bushehr provinces in the northwest and west, and by Sistan and Baluchestan province in the east and in the south it is surrounded by the warm waters of the Persian Gulf and the Sea of Oman in the form of a strip with a length of approximately 900 km. The capital of Hormozgan province is Bandar Abbas and it has 13 cities, 38 counties, 38 districts and 1277 villages.
Handicrafts
Hormozgan dates - especially dates known as chocolate - are one of the best types of dates in the world. Fresh fish and shrimp, guava fruit and citrus fruits are the province's edible souvenirs. Paintings, ornaments and sculptures made by locals from oysters and snails are famous. Local clothes and fabrics that are decorated with various traditional stitches, wicker products and carpets and rugs are also considered as souvenirs of Hormozgan. Handicrafts of the province include carpet weaving, kilim weaving, gabbe weaving, pottery, mat weaving, golabetun embroidery, needle embroidery, khos embroidery, gold weaving, tent weaving, jajim weaving, furniture making, Khersak weaving, masonry, marine handicrafts and different types of small weaves such as Tobreh, Kashkdan, Namkadan, Khorjin. The handicrafts in Hormozgan province are mainly seasonal and 90% of the producers are women.
In coastal cities, nothing is as popular as high-quality seafood. Fresh fish and shrimp, and of course peppers and fragrant spices, are a regular parts of Hormozgan kitchens. Grilled fish, squid, dried shark, shark pudding, king oyster or long oyster feed, matu fish or hashish feed, katogh and shrimp pilaf are some of the seafood cooked by the people of this area. Bilalit, Hooray, Singo with crab and rice dish are the local dishes of Hormozgan. It is also common to bake Tomoshi bread, Cham Chamo bread, Maluki sweets, Ranginak and making mango pickles.
Customs 
People in every region have customs that are tied to their culture. The people of Hormozgan province have also preserved some of their customs for marriage, celebrations and mourning. Nowruz celebration begins with cleaning the whole house, buying new clothes and setting Haftsin. Eidi (the money people give as a gift in Nowruz) and visiting relatives are also part of it. Henna using is common in this region and still in the villages, hands and feet are covered with henna and made for Nowruz. Nowruz nature day (thirteen day), the day of the funeral and visiting the cemetery are also common. In the villages, animal wool is cut the day before the New Year. Basket-making, sacrifice for rain and Nowruz are other customs of Hormozgan province. Fishermen who make a good living from the sea stop fishing one day and show their gratitude to nature. This tradition is called Sayyad Nowruz.
Hormozgani men's and women's clothing is an art that, despite the passage of time, perhaps because of its use, has not become old, and has its own beauty in terms of role, design and color. Women' pants and shirts are more colorful than men’s and are usually Light blue, purple, pink and green. The important theme in Hormozgani women's clothing depends on the type of fabric and its color, and the fabric chosen for women's shirts is usually light and thin, so in hot weather the air easily passes through it. Nowadays most of the colors can be seen in the women's clothing.
Tourism attraction
Hormozgan province has many attractions due to its geographical location. Stars Valley, Hara Forests, Chahkuh, Salt Cave, Geno spa, Kharbas Cave, Naz Islands, Hormoz Island, Tazarj Waterfall, Fekri Mansion, Bandar Kong Anthropological Museum, Lashtan Castle, Lenj Sazi, Chah Ahmad Spring, Shah Abbas Historical Bath, Hindu Temple, Seyed Mozaffar Shrine, Great Persian Gulf Museum, Soro Coastal Park, Dolphins Park and Kariz Underground City, Kulgan Qeshm Hill, Kish Aquarium, Bouchir Strait, pavilion Mansion, Khamir Castle, Laft Castle, Hormoz Castle, Sheikh Sultan Castle, Bashagard Mountain, Jagin River, Anahita Temple, Bibi Reservoir, kharbaz Reservoir, porteghaliha Wells, Old kharbaz City, Kulgan Qeshm Hill, Mitra Shrine, Qeshm Castle, Hazara Castle, Minab River, Amir Divan Imamzadeh and etc. are only one part of the attractions of this province.

Hamedan province with an area of more than 19 thousand square kilometers is located in western Iran. In this province, different ethnic groups live with their own cultures, customs and traditions. Therefore, the distribution of dialect and language in the province is well observed, which are: Persian language that most residents of the center of the province speak Persian. Turkish is spoken by most of the residents of the northwestern part of the province, Lori and Lak are spoken by the residents of Malayer, Nahavand and Samen, and Kurdish is spoken by most of the residents of the northwestern and western parts of the province adjacent to the western provinces and Kurdistan
Geography
Hamedan province has borders by Zanjan in the north, by Lorestan in the south,by Markazi province in the east, by Kermanshah in the west and part of Kurdistan province. Hamedan is a mountainous region and Alvand mountain with a height of 3,574 meters is one of the most important heights of this region. Hamedan has 9 cities, 25 districts, 27 counties, 73 villages and 1120 small villages. Tuyserkan, Malayer, Nahavand, Hamedan, Kaboudar Ahang, Asadabad, Bahar, Famenin and Razan are the cities of this province.
Customs
Tuyserkan Needle Horoscope, Chehregardan and Samanoo pazan are among the rituals performed by the people of Hamadan province in spring. The rituals of Shirvareh and threshing are performed in summer, paeizaneh and Qazian in autumn, and finally, chele koocha and chele bozorg and koose golin in winter. Rakht Boran is another mirror of the people of Hamedan province. In this ceremony, the women of the family go to the bride's new house to determine her size for the dress and prepare clothes for her. Of course, they do not go to the bride's house empty-handed and present sweets as gifts to the bride.
The clothes of the people of Hamedan province include body covers, caps and bases. Although the four cultural branches (Persian, Turkish, Lor, Kurdish) can be distinguished in the province, but the types and styles of clothing for men and women are similar. The weaving of fabrics and shoes, especially giveh, was common in the villages of the province before the arrival of foreign goods. Especially Malayer city's giveh which is called Ajideh and is considered as one of the handicrafts of the province.
Handicrafts
Pottery, leather and tanning, leather embroidery, handicrafts such as mosaic, inlay and carpentry, masonry, Nahavand kilim and weaving, glassmaking, Malayer pearl weaving and carpet weaving are some of the handicrafts of Hamadan province. Glassware or the same utensils and objects that have been prepared by traditional glassmaking method can be brought from Hamedan province. In addition to this, Malayer carpet, sofa and quilt, Nahavand famous kilims, copper and gold and silver and silver utensils and wooden tools that have been worked on with artistry taste are other souvenirs of Hamedan province. Leathers, high quality Laljin earthenware pots, halva lozi, Bersak-Hamedan confectionery, dried fruits, Tuyserkan walnut, gheychi candy, grape juice, Malayer basil, Tuyserkan quote, almonds, cotton wool, sumac, raisins , angosht pich, , Finally, Kamaj bread which you can prepare from different cities of the province as a souvenir. Dried goods ash, which is made from a combination of peach leaves, dried cherries and plums, vegetables, noodles and beans, is one of the local dishes of Hamadan province. Qarameh Broth, Hamedan Rice Soup, Omaj Soup, Malayer Eggplant Soup, Hamedani koofte and Sardush, Carrot and Barley Soup and Kachi Soup of Hamedan are some of the local dishes of this province. Sumac soup, chickpea koofte and Tuyserkan cabbage soup are also delicious and famous foods of the province.
Tourism attraction
Hamedan province enjoys the blessings of many rivers and springs and due to its historical antiquity, it has beautiful attractions in its heart. Ali Sadr Cave, Hegmataneh Palace, Abu Ali Tomb, Babataher Tomb, Alavian Dome, Alexander Cemetery, Lalejin Tomb, Tomb Aref, Ein Al-Qozat, Borkh Ghorban, Shahbazian House, Shir sangi, Bagh Nazar Mansion, Qalmadani House, Hamadan Telescope, Imam Square, Qaleh Dokhtar, Hegmataneh Hill, Pisa Hill, Mosalla Hill, Haj Enayat Hill, Amirafakhm Bath, Pol shekaste, Golshan Caravanserai , Jahanabad bridge, Ganjnameh waterfall and inscription, Stromardkhai tomb, Protestant church, Noshijan hill, Mirftatah glacier, Saman underground city, etc. are among the tourist attractions of this province.

Yazd Province is known as the first brick-made city and the second historical city in the world. The people of Yazd speak the common Persian language with some dialectal features and have preserved many beautiful Persian words and compounds in their dialect. In Yazd province, some dialectal features difference are felt between different cities. The city of Yazd, which is also called "Dar al-Ebadah"(city of religious people), "Dar al-Elm and Dar al-Amal"(city of science and work), "Shahr Badgirha"(city of windcatchers), and city of fire and the sun.
In different rural and urban areas of Yazd province, special dishes are prepared, including the following types of dishes: (special type of soup such as bean soup, vinegar soup, wheat soup)
Geography
Yazd province with an area of about 74493 square kilometers is the fourth largest province in the country, which is located in the central part of the Iranian plateau on the edge of the Lut desert plains. Yazd province has 10 cities (Yazd, Abarkooh, Ardakan, Bafgh, Taft, Khatam, Sadough, Mehriz and Meybod), 23 cities, 20 districts and 51 villages. It is bounded to Semnan provinces from the northwest, Isfahan from the west, Fars from the southwest, Khorasan.
Customs
Yazd province, like other provinces of the country, has many rituals and customs, the most interesting of which are related to the Ashura. Many tourists go to Yazd province on those days to see mourning ceremonies. The clothes of the people of Yazd province are now more like the clothes of the people of other cities and villages of Iran, but the residents of some villages still wear their traditional clothes.
Handicrafts
In addition to textile products, special types of sweets are also prepared, which are very popular all over Iran and even in all parts of the world. The important sweets of Yazd that are considered as souvenirs of this province are: Baklava, Qottab, pastry with coconut, almond, pistachio, walnut and zucchini flavor and all kinds of delicious sweets.
Tourism attraction
Yazd province has many historical places, some of the most important ones are: Pahlavanpour World Registration Garden, Amir Chaghmaq complex and the grand Mosque of Yazd, Old Faraj Mosque, Seyyed Rokn al-Din Tomb, Zoroastrian crypt, Zoroastrian fire temple (Yazdan), Dolatabad Garden, Imperial Bank, windbreaks, Abarkooh High Dome, Abarkooh Cypress, Kheirabad Complex, and Abarkooh Mosque, etc.

Semnan province is located in the southern slopes of the Alborz mountain range and the height of the province decreases from north to south and ends in the desert plain. This province with an area of about 96,000 square kilometers occupies 5.6% of the country's area and in it is the sixth province in the country. The most important tribes living in Semnan province, in addition to Persians are: Turks (Oslanlu, Pazuki, Nafar, Basri, Qashqai, etc.), Arabs (Arab Ameri, Arab Masoumi, Arab Darazi, Kati, Seyyed Tabatabai, etc.), Tabariha (Alikai or Alikai), Lors (Hadavand), Kurds and Gilakis. Among the tribes settled in Semnan province, Sangsary, Parviri , and the native tribes of the province who have come to this land from the distant in past (before Islam) and have settled in it. Other groups, such as the Elikai tribes and clans, Osanloo, Hadavand, Arab Darazi and Kati, are groups that migrated to this area during the reign of rulers and sultans in order to create a barrier for the eastern and southern regions of the country from repeated invasions by Turkmen cavalry. Most residents of Semnan speak Persian. Among the cities of the province, only the residents of Sangsar and Ivanki do not speak Persian and speak Sangsari and Tati languages. Semnani language, which is the most indigenous language of the province, has given its place in the center of the province almost to Persian, but its different types are still common in many cities and villages such as Mahdishahr, Sorkheh or Lasjerd.
Geography
Semnan province is bordered by Mazandaran province in the north, by Isfahan province in the south, by Khorasan province in the east and by Tehran province in the west. Adjacency to the Alborz mountain range and the flat lands of the desert has created various climatic conditions for this province. So that the southern part has hot and dry climate, the central regions are temperate, the northeastern part has a cold and dry climate, and the northern part is relatively cold. This climatic diversity has also created diverse vegetation in this province. The center of this province is the city of Semnan and has eight cities including Semnan, Shahroud, Damghan, Garmsar, Mahdishahr, Miami and Aradan and Sorkheh.
Custom
The people of Semnan, like the people of other parts of Iran, have their own customs and traditions, all of which are rooted in the cultural history, geographical and climatic conditions and lifestyle of the people of this land. These customs show themselves in various ceremonies and rituals such as Eid-e Nowruz (new year), mourning ceremonies, Ramadan, etc.
Handicraft
Regarding the handicrafts of this province, various types of art can be named such as: mosaics, inlays, porcelain knots and wooden volumes to large metal nets, metal sculptures and iron figures, delicate silk hand-woven, traditional and colored handkerchiefs, the method of calligraphy, gilding of gold, kilim and glitch, Jajim, pottery, felt, Parche ghalamkar, etc. They are all among the handicrafts of Semnan province and the crystallization of the art of the people of this region.
Tourism attraction
Semnan's sights have a great variety of attractions and are a collection of valuable historical monuments in nature and desert lands. Rag gate, Grand Mosque, Cheshmeh Gholghol, Jangal abr (Cloud Forest), Cheshmeh Ali Mansion, Ahovan, Bastam Complex, Rudbarak Forest, Aftagardan Kalposh Plain, Rezaabad, Turan National Park, Chehel Dokhtaran (Forty Girls) Tower, Martian Hills are some of the attractions in this province.

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